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Selected papers on epistemology and physics

Author: Béla von Juhos
Publisher: Dordrecht : Kluwer, 1976.
Series: @Vienna Circle collection, 7.; Wiener Kreis.; Vienna Circle collection
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
Summary:

It was as a result of having known Juhos personally over many years that I became familiar with his thought. I met him and Viktor Kraft in Vienna soon after the War and through their acquaintance I  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Béla von Juhos
ISBN: 9027706867 9789027706867 9027706875 9789027706874
OCLC Number: 174502820
Description: XXI, 350 Seiten.
Contents: I. Orders of Causality.- II. Causality Commentson the Physicalist Theory of Science.- 1. Verification and Elucidation.- 2. Elimination of Metaphysical Formulations by Means of the Physical Language.- 3. The `Privileged Position' of Protocol Propositions and the Physicalist Criterion of Probation.- 4. Obtaining the Protocol Propositions.- 5. The `True' Science.- III. Empiricism and Physicalism.- IV. Forms of Negation of Empirical Propositions.- 1. Forms of Negation.- 2. `Complete' and `Incomplete' Contradictions.- 3. The Obtaining and Verifying of Propositions.- 4. Negation of Constatations.- 5. Incompatibility of `Protocol Statements'.- Postscript.- V. Principles of Logical Empiricism.- 1. Reality Concepts, Metaphysical and Empirical.- 2. Invariant Systems of Statements.- 3. Non-Behaviouristic Verification.- 4. K-Statements and Invariant Systems of Statements.- VI. The Method of Epistemological Analysis.- 1. Analysis of Form and of Content.- 2. Formal Analysis of the Concept of Existence.- 3. Content Analysis of the Concept of Causality.- VII. Probability Inferences as Syntactic Inferential Forms.- 1. Relations of Consequence, Deductive and Probable.- 2. The System of Relations of Probable Consequence.- 3. `Probable Consequence' and `Logical Truth'.- VIII. `Positive' and `Negative' Use of Statements.- 1. Truth Value and Content.- 2. Conditions to be Satisfied by any Definition of Truth.- 3. `Positive' and `Negative' Use of Statements.- 4. Negation and Falsity.- 5. Confusion of Positive with Negative Use.- 6. The Recursive Definition of the Concept of Truth.- IX. The New Form of Empirical Knowledge.- 1. The `Empirical Continuous' Form of Knowledge of Classical Physics.- 2. Uncertainty Domains as Prerequisite for the Empirical-Fictitious Form of Knowledge.- 3. Probability Description, a Special Case of the Empirical Fictitious Form of Knowledge.- 4. Probability Functions as Relations between Measured and Fictitious Values.- 5. The Empirical Fictitious Method Conditioned by Measuring Procedures.- 6. The Definition of Probability Functions by Repeated Application of the Empirical-Fictitious Method.- X. The Methological Symmetry of Verification and Falsification.- 1. Like Names for Unlike Concepts.- 2. Empirical Propositions about Finitely and Infinitely.- Many Cases.- 3. Wittgenstein's Verification Thesis.- 4. Propositions about Finitely and Infinitely Many Cases. The Methodologies of Wittgenstein, Carnap, and Popper.- 5. `Asymmetrical' Falsification Theories.- 6. Criteria of Scientific Progress.- 7. `Complete' and `Progressive Partial' Testability.- XI. Three Sources of Knowledge.- 1. The Triadic Method.- 2. Data of Consciousnes-Logico-Mathematical Constructions - Methods of Empirical Content.- 3. Three concepts of `Truth' and `Probability'.- XII. The Triadic Method.- 1. Elements of Linguistic Representation and the Triadic Method.- 2. The Triadic Analysis of `Truth'.- 3. The Triadic Analysis of `Probability'.- 4. The Triadic Analysis of `Number'.- 5. The Triadic Analysis of `Philosophic Expressions'.- XIII. The Method of Fictitious Predicates.- 1. Scientific and Speculative Philosophy.- 2. `Operative' and `Fictitious' Existence.- I: Predicates as Descriptive Concept-Forms.- 1. The Existence of Logico-Linguistic Forms.- 2. Dispositional Concepts as Fictitious Predicates.- 3. Characterization of Phenomena by Fictitious Quantities.- II: Predicates as Quantities Characterizing States.- 4. Characterizing by Infinite Values of Quantities.- 5. Characterizing Phenomena in Uncertainly Ranges by Means of Fictitious Values (`Values of Measurement').- 6. Logical Analysis of the Concepts `Motion' and `Rest'.- 7. Logical Analysis of the Relativity Principle.- 8. The Clock Paradox.- 9. Conditions, under which the Relativity Principle Does not Hold.- 10. Domains of Uncertainty as a Presupposition for Applying the New Method.- III: Predicates as Probability Quantities.- 11. Analytic-Deductive Inferences. Inferences from Conjunctive Classes of Propositions.- 12. Inferences from Disjunctive Classes of Propositions. Probability Inferences.- 13. Systems of Probability Metric and Their Order.- 14. The Characterization of States by Conjunctive and Disjunctive Classes of Propositions.- 15. Presuppositions of Measurement in Classical and Relativistic Physics.- 16. Description by Ranges of Quantities.- 17. Definition of Probability Quantities by Means of Functions.- 18. Descriptions by Means of Probability and Metrical Quantities.- 19. Uncertainty Domains as Prerequisite for the Method of Fictitious Predicates.- 20. The Definition of Probability Functions by Means of Operators.- 21. Empirical and Fictitious Existence of Predicates.- 22. Theories of Measurement as a Presupposition of Exact-Continuous and of Probability Description.- 23. The Epistemological Conditions for Applying the Method of Fictitious Predicates.- 24. The Probability Field.- 25. Probability Description and Indeterminacy of Phenomena.- 26. The Logical Meaning of Quantisation. First and Second Quantisation.- 27. The Quantisation of Electromagnetic Fields.- IV. Empirical-Fictitious Knowledge.- 28. Active and Fictitious Causality.- 29. Greatest Possible and Least Possible Physical Constants.- 30. The New Form of Knowledge.- 31. The Matrix Field and the Probability Wave Field.- 32. Probability Description in Biology.- Index of Names.
Series Title: @Vienna Circle collection, 7.; Wiener Kreis.; Vienna Circle collection
Responsibility: Béla von Juhos.

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