Selections (Book, 1927) []
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Author: Aristotle; W D Ross
Publisher: New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, [1927] ©1927
Series: Modern student's library., Philosophy series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

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Genre/Form: Early works
Early works to 1800
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, ©1927
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Aristotle; W D Ross
OCLC Number: 285545
Notes: "The translation used ... is the Oxford Translation of Aristotle, except in the case of the few works for which that translation is not yet available"--Title page verso.
Includes "Glossary of chief terms" (Greek-English), p. 345-348.
Description: xxxii, 348 pages ; 17 cm.
Contents: The categories. Substance --
The noun --
The proposition --
The kinds of reasoning. The predicables --
The premiss and the syllogism --
The figures of syllogism --
Induction and example --
The conditions and nature of scientific knowledge --
The basic truths --
Science and sense-perception --
The forms of scientific inquiry are all concerned with the middle term --
Types of definition --
How the basic truths come to be known --
The origin and characteristics of philosophy --
History and criticism of the ideal theory --
There cannot be an infinite series of causes --
Different methods appropriate to different studies --
Our object is the study of being as such, i.e., of substance --
Philosophy distinguished from dialectic and sophistry --
The primary axiom : the law of contradiction --
The four causes --
The meaning of "being" --
First philosophy distinguished from physics and mathematics --
The general nature of substance --
The analysis of coming into being --
What makes a substance one? Substance and the universal --
Most so-called substances are only potencies --
Further thoughts on the unity of substance --
Potentiality and actuality --
The infinite --
The forms of movement --
The continuous. The paradoxes of Zeno --
The eternity of movement --
The first mover --
The primary kind of movement --
Further thoughts on form and matter --
Aristotle's theology and astronomy --
Nature --
Teleology in nature --
Place --
Time --
The five elements --
The heavens are eternal and unchangeable --
The structure of the world --
Why do some things move up and others down? --
Coming into being and passing away --
These are due to the sun's movement --
The moist and the dry evaporation --
The rainbow --
The development of the chick in the egg --
The reproduction of sharks and rays --
The habits of bees --
The method of natural science --
The problem of classification --
Defence of biological study. Plan of the study --
The three degrees of composition --
The principal parts of animals. The heart --
The human body. The hand --
The classification of animals according to modes of reproduction. Preformation or epigenesis? --
Soul in the semen and in the fertilized germ --
Characteristics due to a final cause and those due to necessity --
The view that soul moves itself --
Is the soul a simple entity? --
The definition of soul. Its faculties --
Perception. Sight --
The general nature of perception --
Reason --
The association of ideas --
The subject of ethics in the good for man --
The good is happiness --
The platonic notion of the universal good --
The definition of happiness --
Happiness and external goods --
Distinction between intellectual and moral virtue. The latter acquired by repetition of corresponding acts --
Definition of moral virtue --
The main forms of moral virtue --
The voluntary and the involuntary. Choice --
Courage --
Justice --
Equity --
The main forms of intellectual virtue --
Practical wisdom. Philosophic wisdom --
What is their use? --
The problem of loss of self-control --
Pleasure --
Friendship --
Self-love --
The ideal life --
The need of legislation. Transition to political philosophy --
The state : the difference between it and other communities --
Slavery --
Communism --
The regulation of property --
Classification of constitutions --
The true object of the state --
The best constitution for the average state --
The life of the ideal state ; the nature of its population --
Distribution of functions in the ideal state --
Town-planning --
Education --
The three ages of man --
The origin and development of poetry and of its kinds --
Series Title: Modern student's library., Philosophy series.
Other Titles: Works.
Responsibility: Aristotle ; edited by W.D. Ross.


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