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Service imports, workforce composition, and firm performance : evidence from Finnish microdata

Author: Andrea Ariu; Katariina Hakkala; Saara Tamminen; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 26355.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper uses unique Finnish firm-level micro data on service imports, work- force composition, and firm characteristics to examine changes in employment composition and performance of Finnish service importers during a period of a significant increase in services imports (2002-2012). We use world service export supply shocks, which we allocate to firms based on their highly specialized service input structure, as  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Andrea Ariu; Katariina Hakkala; Saara Tamminen; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1124077921
Notes: "October 2019"
Description: 1 online resource (38 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 26355.
Responsibility: Andrea Ariu, Katariina Nilsson Hakkala, J. Bradford Jensen, Saara Tamminen.

Abstract:

This paper uses unique Finnish firm-level micro data on service imports, work- force composition, and firm characteristics to examine changes in employment composition and performance of Finnish service importers during a period of a significant increase in services imports (2002-2012). We use world service export supply shocks, which we allocate to firms based on their highly specialized service input structure, as an instrument to identify the impact of service offshoring. We find that firms that increase imports of service inputs reduce employment of low-skill service workers, increase employment of (high-skilled) managers and improve their performance in terms of sales (turnover), assets, service exports, and firm survival. The employment composition and performance responses to service imports differ across firms in the manufacturing sector and those in the service sector.

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