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Setting the limit : occupational health standards and the limits of science

Author: Sven Ove Hansson
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Occupational exposure limits exemplify the practical application of moral values in medical science. But are they really effective in protecting workers from chemical hazards? In order to answer this question on the basis of sound empirical evidence, this book presents an unusually detailed and comprehensive analysis of three lists of exposure limits from the United States, Germany and Sweden.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Sven Ove Hansson
ISBN: 0195121600 9780195121605
OCLC Number: 37533943
Description: ix, 166 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Contents: 1. Regulating the Unknown. Clinical medicine and the science of health. Science and occupational health. Two types of error. Epistemic asymmetry. Exposure limits --
2. The Most Influential Values. The ACGIH and its TLVs. Health-based, realistic, or both? Harmful effects below the TLVs. The use of corporate information. Unorthodox toxicology --
3. Purely Health-based Values? In what sense health-based? Irritation and worse. The protection of subpopulations. Protecting the unborn. Margins of safety and unsafety. Human effect levels. Animal no-effect levels. Animal effect levels. On not learning from experience. Standards of evidence. Questionable reporting --
4. The Lowest Values. The development of Swedish exposure limits.
Responsibility: Sven Ove Hansson.
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Abstract:

Occupational exposure limits exemplify the practical application of moral values in medical science. But are they really effective in protecting workers from chemical hazards? In order to answer this question on the basis of sound empirical evidence, this book presents an unusually detailed and comprehensive analysis of three lists of exposure limits from the United States, Germany and Sweden.

Hansson analyzes the nature of toxicological knowledge and discusses how the standards of proof required in a regulatory context differ from those appropriate in pure science. In his view, decision-makers must deal not only with the known risks but also with the uncertainties that arise as a consequence of the incompleteness of toxicological information. With this in mind, he proposes new ways to organize exposure limits and to evaluate toxicological data for regulatory purposes. Setting the Limit is a thorough, detailed study of the application of ethical principles in an important area of public health practice. It is intended for occupational health professionals and risk analysts, as well as philosophers and sociologists of science.

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