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Sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers : towards a hybrid solution

Author: Cassandra Mudgway
Publisher: New York : Routledge, 2018.
Series: Routledge research in human rights law
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations (UN) peacekeepers is not an isolated or recent problem, but it has been present in almost every peacekeeping operation. A culture of sexual exploitation and abuse is contrary to the UN’s zero-tolerance policy and has been the target of institutional reforms since 2005. Despite this, allegations of sexual abuse continue to emerge, and the reforms have not solved the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Mudgway, Cassandra.
Sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers.
New York : Routledge, 2018
(DLC) 2018015343
(OCoLC)1030445082
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Cassandra Mudgway
ISBN: 9781351579568 1351579568 9781315098258 1315098253
OCLC Number: 1053623297
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Overview of initiatives so far; 2005-2015; 2015-present; Aim of the book and guiding principles; Feminist lens; Justice being seen to be done; Host state ownership; United Nations leadership; Sexual exploitation and sexual abuse --
concepts and critiques; Sexual abuse; Sexual exploitation; Transactional sex --
prostitution; Transactional sex --
survival sex; Feminist critiques of "sexual exploitation"; Definitions; Outline; 1. Memorandum of Understanding; Jurisdiction; Status-of-Forces Agreements Memorandum of UnderstandingHistory; Legal status; Provisions of the 2007 MOU; The MOU as a treaty; A breach of the MOU; Conclusion; 2. International Human Rights; Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment; Sexual activity with children; Violence against women; Sexual exploitation and abuse of men; Conclusion; 3. State Responsibility; Economic sanctions; Cessation, reparation, assurances, and guarantees of non-repetition; Countermeasures; Security Council Resolution 2272; Conclusion; 4. Host State Jurisdiction; Jurisdiction --
status quo; Group of Legal Experts --
Draft Convention Concurrent jurisdictionHost state jurisdiction as an alternative to the status quo; Conclusion; 5. The International Criminal Court; The crimes within ICC jurisdiction; A new crime of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers?; Complementarity principle; Prosecutorial discretion; Security Council referral; Conclusion; 6. A Series of Hybrid Courts; Hybrid courts --
common and defining features; Hybrid courts --
benefits and limitations; A hybrid model for peacekeeping crimes; A hybrid solution --
a series of courts for peacekeepers; A court of first instance; Legal basis Centralised administration and mixed personnelArrest and investigation; Temporal jurisdiction; Trial, sentencing, and appeals; Three potential hurdles; Material jurisdiction --
criminalised conduct; Political will; Resources; Conclusion --
the first of a twofold solution; 7. Victim Participation and Reparations; The role of victims in international criminal justice; Victim participatory rights; Restorative justice models; International criminal courts and victim participation in proceedings; Victim participation in a series of hybrid courts for peacekeepers; Victim reparations Status quo for victims of sexual exploitation and abuseReparations in international human rights law; Example --
ICC Trust Fund for Victims; Reparations for victims of sexual exploitation and abuse --
a separate mechanism; Conclusion --
the second part of a twofold solution; Conclusion; Index
Series Title: Routledge research in human rights law
Responsibility: by Cassandra Mudgway.

Abstract:

Sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations (UN) peacekeepers is not an isolated or recent problem, but it has been present in almost every peacekeeping operation. A culture of sexual exploitation and abuse is contrary to the UN’s zero-tolerance policy and has been the target of institutional reforms since 2005. Despite this, allegations of sexual abuse continue to emerge, and the reforms have not solved the problem. This book is a response to the continued lack of accountability of UN peacekeepers for sexual exploitation and abuse. Focusing on military contingent members, this book aims to analyse ways in which the UN can fill the accountability gap while taking a feminist perspective and emphasising the needs of victims, their communities, and the host state.This book directly challenges the status quo of relying on troop-contributing countries (TCCs) to hold their peacekeepers to account. It proposes first, the establishment of a series of hybrid courts, and second, a mechanism for dealing with victim rehabilitation and reparation. It addresses these topics by considering international and human rights law and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students with an interest in international criminal law, United Nations peacekeeping, and peace studies.

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