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La société traditionnelle portugaise vue par les romanciers néo-réalistes (1930-1965)

Author: Abou Haydara; Georges Boisvert; Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris).
Publisher: Paris : [s.n.]. 1991.
Dissertation: Thèse de doctorat : Portugais : Paris 3 : 1991.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : French
Summary:
LE NEO-REALISME EST APPARU AU PORTUGAL VERS LES ANNEES 30. IL A SUBI DIVERSES INFLUENCES PARMI LESQUELLES LE MARXISME, LA GUERRE D'ESPAGNE, LA LITTERATURE AMERICAINE ET BRESILIENNE. C'ETAIT UNE LITTERATURE DE DENONCIATION ET DE COMBAT CONTRE LE FASCISME. IL PRETENDAIT AINSI SERVIR LES MASSES. C'EST POURQUOI LES INDIVIDUS ISSUS DES CLASSES PAUVRES CONSTITUAIENT UN GROUPE COLLECTIF ET DEVENAIENT POUR LA PREMIERE FOIS
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Genre/Form: Thèses et écrits académiques
Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Abou Haydara; Georges Boisvert; Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris).
OCLC Number: 489872930
Notes: 1993PA030001.
Description: 497 f. ; 30 cm.
Responsibility: Abou Haydara ; sous la direction de Georges Boisvert.

Abstract:

LE NEO-REALISME EST APPARU AU PORTUGAL VERS LES ANNEES 30. IL A SUBI DIVERSES INFLUENCES PARMI LESQUELLES LE MARXISME, LA GUERRE D'ESPAGNE, LA LITTERATURE AMERICAINE ET BRESILIENNE. C'ETAIT UNE LITTERATURE DE DENONCIATION ET DE COMBAT CONTRE LE FASCISME. IL PRETENDAIT AINSI SERVIR LES MASSES. C'EST POURQUOI LES INDIVIDUS ISSUS DES CLASSES PAUVRES CONSTITUAIENT UN GROUPE COLLECTIF ET DEVENAIENT POUR LA PREMIERE FOIS DANS LES LETTRES PORTUGAISES, LES PRINCIPAUX PERSONNAGES DES ROMANS. LA SOCIETE TRADITIONNELLE ETAIT LA SOURCE DE REFERENCE PARTICULIERE. EN ETUDIANT LES RAPPORTS SOCIAUX EN TERME DE LUTTE DE CLASSE LES ECRIVAINS NEO-REALISTES REVELENT DEUX CATEGORIES SOCIALES DISTINCTES : D'UN COTE LES BOURGEOIS ET LES PROLETAIRES DE L'AUTRE. ILS TENTENT SURTOUT DE MONTRER L'EXPLOITATION ET LES INEGALITES DONT CES DERNIERS SONT VICTIMES. ILS SOULIGNENT PAR AILLEURS LES PROFONDS BOULEVERSEMENTS SURVENUS DANS LES MODES DE VIE TRADITIONNELS A LA SUITE DE LA PENETRATION DU PROGRES INDUSTRIEL EN MILIEU RURAL. DANS CE DOMAINE PRECISEMENT, LES DIFFICULTES DU PROLETARIAT INDUSTRIEL SONT BIEN MISES EN EVIDENCE. LES PERSONNAGES FINISSENT SOUVENT DANS LA MARGINALISATION ET DANS LA DECHEANCE. CEPENDANT L'EMERGENCE DU HEROS POSITIF INDIQUE L'EVEIL DE LA CONSCIENCE PROLETARIENNE, ET LE MESSAGE DE L'ESPOIR.

THE NEO-REALISM APPEARED IN PORTUGAL DURING THE THIRTIES. IT SUFFERED SEVERAL INFLUENCES; AMONG THEM WE CAN CITE THE MARXISM, THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR, THE AMERICAN AND BRESILIAN LITERATURES. IT WAS THUS A LITERARY MOVEMENT TO DENOUNCE AND TO FIGHT AGAINST FASCISM. IT PRETENDED TO HELP THE MASSES. THAT IS WHY PERSONS COMING FROM POOR CLASSES CONSTITUTED A COLLECTIVE GROUP AND BECAME FOR THE FIRST TIME IN PORTUGUESE LETTERS THE PRINCIPAL NOVELS PERSONAGES. THE TRADITIONAL SOCIETY WAS PRINCIPALLY THE SOURCE OF REFERENCE OF NEO-REALIST NOVELS. STUDING SOCIAL RELATIONS IN TERMS OF CLASS-WAR, THE NEO-REALIST WRITERS REVEAL TWO DIFFERENT SOCIAL CATEGORIES : BOURGEOIS IN ONE PART, AND PROLETARIANS IN THE OTHER. THEY TRY ESPECIALLY TO SHOW THE EXPLOITATION AND INEQUALITIES THAT LOWER CLASS WERE SUFFERING. THEY UNDERLINE ALSO THE BASIC DISTURBS PRODUCED IN THE TRADITIONAL WAYS OF LIFE AFTER THE PENETRATION OF INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS IN RURAL PLACES. IN THIS FIELD PRECISELY, THE DIFFICULTIES OF INDUSTRIAL PROLETARIAT ARE WELL EXPLAINED. THE PERSONAGES BECOME MARGINAL AND SURRENDER. HOWEVER THE EMERGENCE OF THE POSITIVE HERO INDICATES THE PROLETARIAN CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE MESSAGE OF HOPE.

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