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Sociology : a biosocial introduction

Author: Rosemary L Hopcroft
Publisher: New York : Routledge, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
In an era of human genome research, environmental challenges, new reproductive technologies, and more, students can benefit from introductory sociology text that is biologically informed. This innovative text integrates mainstream sociological research in all areas of sociology with a scientifically informed model of an evolved, biological human actor. This text allows students to better understand their emotional,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version :
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Rosemary L Hopcroft
ISBN: 9781315169446 1315169444 9781351688963 1351688960 9781351688970 1351688979 9781351688956 1351688952
OCLC Number: 1079363217
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; List of Photos; List of Figures; List of Tables; List of Boxes; Preface for Students and Teachers; About the Author; PART I: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY; 1 WHAT DO SOCIOLOGISTS DO?; The Scientific Method and Sociological Investigation; The Role of Theory; Theories and Beliefs; Sociological Theories at Different Levels of Analysis; Methods; Conclusions and Generalization; Positivism; Pitfalls of Studying Ourselves; The Postmodern Critique; A Response to the Postmodernist Critique; The Need for Comparative Research; Reactivity Values and the Effects of Social ResearchEthics and Social Research; The Sociological Perspective; Why Study Sociology?; Organization of the Book; References; PART II: FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY; 2 BIOLOGY: ONE HUMAN NATURE; Evolution of the Human Species; Evolved Predispositions; The Sociobiology Controversy; Self-interested Behavior; Reciprocal Altruism; Kin-Based Altruism; Gender Asymmetry in Parenting; Implications of Gender Asymmetry: Sex Differences in Mate Choice and Family Roles; Individual Differences; Hormones and Behavior; The Importance of the Situation Other Evolved PredispositionsReligion and Magic; Dislike of Out-Groups and Ethnocentrism; Male Sexual Jealousy; Violent Aggression in Males; Deference Behavior; Free Will and the Naturalistic Fallacy; Cultures Can Exacerbate or Suppress the Effects of Evolved Predispositions; Conclusion; References; 3 CULTURE: SOCIALIZATION, NORMS, AND ROLES; Biological Bases of Cultural Learning; Language Acquisition; Social Interaction and the Development of the Self; Development of the Self; Roles; Goffman: Performing Social Roles; Mirror Neurons and Empathy; Socialization; Conclusion; References 4 CULTURE AND SUBSISTENCE TECHNOLOGYThe Importance of Subsistence Technology; Hunting and Gathering Societies; Horticultural Societies; Agrarian Societies; Ascribed versus Achieved Statuses; Industrial and Postindustrial Societies; Norms and Technology; Culture; Culture Shock; Why Do Cultures Differ, Even among Societies That Are Technologically Similar?; Conclusion; References; 5 SOCIAL GROUPS AND NET WORKS: KIN GROUPS, CLASSES, ORGANIZATIONS, STATUS GROUPS, POLITICAL GROUPS, AND SOCIAL NETWORK; Families, Clans, and Tribes; Classes and Companies; Classes; Companies; Rise of Bureaucracy StatusParty; Social Networks; Small World Syndrome; Efficacy of Weak Ties and Structural Holes; Density and Longevity; Why Your Friends Are More Popular than You; Social Groups and Networks; Conclusion; References; 6 INSTITUTIONS: THE ARCHITECTURE OF SOCIETY; Institutions as Systems of Rules and Associated Behavior Patterns; Institutions and Norms; GREEF: The Five Basic Institutions; Hunters and Gatherers: !Kung of the Kalahari; Horticulturalists: Dani of Western New Guinea; Agrarian Society: Japan during the Edo Period; Industrial Society: Contemporary United States; Effects of Institutions
Responsibility: Rosemary L. Hopcroft.

Abstract:

In an era of human genome research, environmental challenges, new reproductive technologies, and more, students can benefit from introductory sociology text that is biologically informed. This innovative text integrates mainstream sociological research in all areas of sociology with a scientifically informed model of an evolved, biological human actor. This text allows students to better understand their emotional, social, and institutional worlds. It also illustrates how biological understanding naturally enhances the sociological approach. This grounding of sociology in a biosocial conception of the individual actor is coupled with a comparative approach, as human biology is universal and often reveals itself as variations on themes across human cultures. Tables, figures, and photos, and the author's concise and remarkably lively style make this a truly enjoyable book to read and teach.

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Hopcroft's introductory sociology textbook is one of the very few that takes seriously the necessity for developing genuinely scientific explanations of human social behavior and that strives to do Read more...

 
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