Sociology in our times (Book, 2009) []
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Sociology in our times

Sociology in our times

Author: Diana Elizabeth Kendall
Publisher: Belmont, Calif. : Wadsworth Cengage Learning, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 8th edView all editions and formats

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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Diana Elizabeth Kendall
ISBN: 9780495813910 0495813915 9780495905103 0495905100 9780495904328 0495904325
OCLC Number: 377662189
Description: xxiii, 741 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 29 cm
Contents: Studying Society and Social Life --
The Sociological Perspective and Research Process --
Putting Social Life into Perspective --
Why Study Sociology? --
The Sociological Imagination --
The Importance of a Global Sociological Imagination --
The Development of Sociological Thinking --
Early Thinkers: A Concern with Social Order and Stability --
Differing Views on the Status Quo: Stability Versus Change --
The Beginnings of Sociology in the United States --
Contemporary Theoretical Perspectives --
Functionalist Perspectives --
Conflict Perspectives --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
Postmodern Perspectives --
The Sociological Research Process --
The "Conventional" Research Model --
A Qualitative Research Model --
Research Methods --
Survey Research --
Secondary Analysis of Existing Data --
Field Research --
Experiments --
Ethical Issues in Sociological Research --
Culture --
Culture and Society in a Changing World --
Material Culture and Nonmaterial Culture --
Cultural Universals --
Components of Culture --
Symbols --
Language --
Values --
Norms --
Technology, Cultural Change, and Diversity --
Cultural Change --
Cultural Diversity --
Culture Shock --
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism --
A Global Popular Culture? --
High Culture and Popular Culture --
Forms of Popular Culture --
Sociological Analysis of Culture --
Functionalist Perspectives --
Conflict Perspectives --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
Postmodernist Perspectives --
Culture in the Future --
Socialization --
Why Is Socialization Important Around the Globe? --
Human Development: Biology and Society --
Problems Associated with Social Isolation and Maltreatment --
Social Psychological Theories of Human Development --
Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective --
Piaget and Cognitive Development --
Kohlberg and the Stages of Moral Development --
Gilligan's View on Gender and Moral Development --
Sociological Theories of Human Development --
Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self --
Mead and Role-Taking --
Recent Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
Agents of Socialization --
The Family --
The School --
Peer Groups --
Mass Media --
Gender and Racial /Ethnic Socialization --
Socialization Through the Life Course --
Childhood --
Adolescence --
Adulthood --
Late Adulthood and Ageism --
Resocialization --
Voluntary Resocialization --
Involuntary Resocialization --
Socialization in the Future --
Social Groups and Social Control --
Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life --
Social Structure: The Macrolevel Perspective --
Components of Social Structure --
Status --
Roles --
Groups --
Social Institutions --
Societies: Changes in Social Structure --
Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity --
Tonnies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft --
Industrial and Postindustrial Societies --
Social Interaction: The Microlevel Perspective --
Social Interaction and Meaning --
The Social Construction of Reality --
Ethnomethodology --
Dramaturgical Analysis --
The Sociology of Emotions --
Nonverbal Communication --
Changing Social Structure and Interaction in the Future --
Groups and Organizations --
Social Groups --
Groups, Aggregates, and Categories --
Types of Groups --
Group Characteristics and Dynamics --
Group Size --
Group Leadership --
Group Conformity --
Groupthink --
Formal Organizations in Global Perspective --
Types of Formal Organizations --
Bureaucracies --
Problems of Bureaucracies --
Bureaucracy and Oligarchy --
Alternative Forms of Organization --
Organizational Structure in Japan --
Organizations in the Future --
Deviance and Crime --
What Is Deviance? --
Who Defines Deviance? --
What Is Social Control? --
Functionalist Perspectives on Deviance --
What Causes Deviance, and Why Is It Functional for Society? --
Strain Theory: Goals and Means to Achieve Them --
Opportunity Theory: Access to Illegitimate Opportunities --
Conflict Perspectives on Deviance --
Deviance and Power Relations --
Deviance and Capitalism --
Feminist Approaches --
Approaches Focusing on Race, Class, and Gender --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives on Deviance --
Differential Association Theory and Differential Reinforcement Theory --
Control Theory: Social Bonding --
Labeling Theory --
Postmodernist Perspectives on Deviance --
Crime Classifications and Statistics --
How the Law Classifies Crime --
Other Crime Categories --
Crime Statistics --
Terrorism and Crime --
Street Crimes and Criminals --
Crime Victims --
The Criminal Justice System --
The Police --
The Courts --
Punishment and Corrections --
Deviance and Crime in the United States in the Future --
The Global Criminal Economy --
Social Inequality --
Class and Stratification in the United States --
What Is Social Stratification? --
Systems of Stratification --
Slavery --
The Caste System --
The Class System --
Classical Perspectives on Social Class --
Karl Marx: Relationship to the Means of Production --
Max Weber: Wealth, Prestige, and Power --
Contemporary Sociological Models of the U.S. Class Structure --
The Weberian Model of the U.S. Class Structure --
The Marxian Model of the U.S. Class Structure --
Inequality in the United States --
Distribution of Income and Wealth --
Consequences of Inequality Poverty in the United States --
Who Are the Poor? --
Economic and Structural Sources of Poverty --
Solving the Poverty Problem --
Sociological Explanations of Social Inequality in the United States --
Functionalist Perspectives --
Conflict Perspectives --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
U.S. Stratification in the Future --
Global Stratification --
Wealth and Poverty in Global Perspective --
Problems in Studying Global Inequality --
The "Three Worlds" Approach --
The Levels of Development Approach --
Classification of Economies by Income --
Low-Income Economies --
Middle-Income Economies --
High-Income Economies --
Measuring Global Wealth and Poverty --
Absolute, Relative, and Subjective Poverty --
The Gini Coefficient and Global Quality-of-Life Issues --
Global Poverty and Human Development Issues --
Life Expectancy --
Health --
Education and Literacy --
Persistent Gaps in Human Development --
Theories of Global Inequality --
Development and Modernization Theory --
Dependency Theory --
World Systems Theory --
The New International Division of Labor Theory --
Global Inequality in the Future --
Race and Ethnicity --
Race and Ethnicity --
The Social Significance of Race and Ethnicity --
Racial Classifications and the Meaning of Race --
Dominant and Subordinate Groups --
Prejudice --
Stereotypes --
Racism --
Theories of Prejudice --
Discrimination --
Sociological Perspectives on Race and Ethnic Relations --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
Functionalist Perspectives --
Conflict Perspectives --
An Alternative Perspective: Critical Race Theory --
Racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States --
Native Americans --
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants (British Americans) --
African Americans --
White Ethnic Americans --
Asian Americans --
Latinos /as (Hispanic Americans) --
Middle Eastern Americans --
Global Racial and Ethnic Inequality in the Future --
Worldwide Racial and Ethnic Struggles --
Growing Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the United States --
Sex and Gender --
Sex: The Biological Dimension --
Hermaphrodites /Transsexuals --
Sexual Orientation --
Gender: The Cultural Dimension --
The Social Significance of Gender --
Sexism --
Gender Stratification in Historical and Contemporary Perspective --
Hunting and Gathering Societies --
Horticultural and Pastoral Societies --
Agrarian Societies --
Industrial Societies --
Postindustrial Societies --
Gender and Socialization --
Parents and Gender Socialization --
Peers and Gender Socialization --
Teachers, Schools, and Gender Socialization --
Sports and Gender Socialization --
Mass Media and Gender Socialization --
Adult Gender Socialization --
Contemporary Gender Inequality --
Gendered Division of Paid Work --
Pay Equity (Comparable Worth) --
Paid Work and Family Work --
Perspectives on Gender Stratification --
Functionalist and Neoclassical Economic Perspectives --
Conflict Perspectives --
Feminist Perspectives --
Gender Issues in the Future --
Social Institutions --
Families and Intimate Relationships --
Families in Global Perspective --
Family Structure and Characteristics --
Marriage Patterns --
Patterns of Descent and Inheritance --
Power and Authority in Families --
Residential Patterns --
Theoretical Perspectives on Families --
Functionalist Perspectives --
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives --
Postmodernist Perspectives --
Developing Intimate Relationships and Establishing Families --
Love and Intimacy --
Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships --
Marriage --
Housework and Child-Care Responsibilities --
Child-Related Family Issues and Parenting --
Deciding to Have Children --
Adoption --
Teenage Pregnancies --
Single-Parent Households --
Two-Parent Households --
Remaining Single --
Transitions and Problems in Families --
Family Transitions Based on Age and the Life Course --
Family Violence --
Children in Foster Care --
Elder Abuse --
Divorce --
Remarriage --
Family Issues in the Future --
Education and Religion --
An Overview of Education and Religion --
Sociological Perspectives on Education --
Functionalist Perspectives on Education --
Conflict Perspectives on Education --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives on Education --
Problems Within Elementary and Secondary Schools --
Unequal Funding of Public Schools --
School Violence --
Dropping Out --
Racial Segregation and Resegregation --
Opportunities and Challenges in Colleges and Universities --
Opportunities and Challenges in Community Colleges 361 Opportunities and Challenges in Four-Year Colleges and Universities --
The Soaring Cost of a College Education --
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Enrollment --
Religion in Historical Perspective --
Religion and the Meaning of Life --
Religion and Scientific Explanations --
Sociological Perspectives on Religion --
Functionalist Perspectives on Religion --
Conflict Perspectives on Religion --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives on Religion Types of Religious Organization --
Ecclesia --
The Church-Sect Typology --
Cults --
Trends in Religion in the United States --
Education and Religion in the Future --
Politics and the Economy in Global Perspective --
Politics, Power, and Authority --
Power and Authority --
Ideal Types of Authority --
Political Systems in Global Perspective --
Monarchy --
Authoritarianism --
Totalitarianism --
Democracy --
Perspectives on Power and Political Systems --
Functionalist Perspectives: The Pluralist Model --
Conflict Perspectives: Elite Models --
The U.S. Political System --
Political Parties and Elections --
Political Participation and Voter Apathy --
Governmental Bureaucracy --
Economic Systems in Global Perspective --
Preindustrial, Industrial, and Postindustrial Economies --
Capitalism --
Socialism --
Mixed Economies --
Work in the Contemporary United States --
Professions --
Other Occupations --
Contingent Work --
Unemployment --
Labor Unions and Worker Activism --
Employment Opportunities for Persons with a Disability --
Politics and the Economy in the Future --
Health, Health Care, and Disability --
Health in Global Perspective --
Health in the United States --
Social Epidemiology --
Lifestyle Factors --
Health Care in the United States --
The Rise of Scientific Medicine and Professionalism --
Medicine Today --
Paying for Medical Care in the United States --
Paying for Medical Care in Other Nations --
Social Implications of Advanced Medical Technology --
Holistic Medicine and Alternative Medicine --
Sociological Perspectives on Health and Medicine --
A Functionalist Perspective: The Sick Role --
A Conflict Perspective: Inequalities in Health and Health Care --
A Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: The Social Construction of Illness --
A Postmodernist Perspective: The Clinical Gaze --
Disability --
Sociological Perspectives on Disability --
Social Inequalities Based on Disability --
Health Care in the Future --
Social Dynamics and Social Change --
Population and Urbanization --
Demography: The Study of Population --
Fertility --
Mortality --
Migration --
Population Composition --
Population Growth in Global Context --
The Malthusian Perspective --
The Marxist Perspective --
The Neo-Malthusian Perspective --
Demographic Transition Theory --
Other Perspectives on Population Change --
A Brief Glimpse at International Migration Theories --
Urbanization in Global Perspective --
Emergence and Evolution of the City --
Preindustrial Cities --
Industrial Cities --
Postindustrial Cities --
Perspectives on Urbanization and the Growth of Cities --
Functionalist Perspectives: Ecological Models --
Conflict Perspectives: Political Economy Models --
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives: The Experience of City Life --
Problems in Global Cities --
Urban Problems in the United States --
Divided Interests: Cities, Suburbs, and Beyond --
The Continuing Fiscal Crises of the Cities --
Population and Urbanization in the Future --
Collective Behavior, Social Movements, and Social Change --
Collective Behavior --
Conditions for Collective Behavior --
Dynamics of Collective Behavior --
Distinctions Regarding Collective Behavior --
Types of Crowd Behavior --
Explanations of Crowd Behavior --
Mass Behavior --
Social Movements --
Types of Social Movements --
Stages in Social Movements --
Social Movement Theories --
Relative Deprivation Theory --
Value-Added Theory --
Resource Mobilization Theory --
Social Constructionist Theory: Frame Analysis --
New Social Movement Theory --
Social Change in the Future --
The Physical Environment and Change --
Population and Change --
Technology and Change --
Social Institutions and Change --
A Few Final Thoughts.
Responsibility: Diana Kendall.
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