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Sol-gel science : the physics and chemistry of sol-gel processing

Author: C Jeffrey Brinker; George W Scherer
Publisher: Boston : Academic Press, ©1990.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing presents the physical and chemical principles of the sol-gel process. The book emphasizes the science behind sol-gel processing with a chapter devoted to applications. The first chapter introduces basic terminology, provides a brief historical sketch, and identifies some excellent texts for background reading. Chapters 2 and 3 discuss the mechanisms  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Brinker, C. Jeffrey.
Sol-gel science.
Boston : Academic Press, ©1990
(DLC) 89015631
(OCoLC)20098439
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: C Jeffrey Brinker; George W Scherer
ISBN: 9780080571034 0080571034
OCLC Number: 643802700
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (xiv, 908 pages) : illustrations
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Contents: Front Cover; Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1. Introduction; 1. SOL-GEL PROCESSING; 2. HISTORICAL SKETCH; 3. BACKGROUND READING; 4. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS; REFERENCES; Chapter 2. Hydrolysis and Condensation I : Nonsilicates; 1. TRANSITION METALS; 2. ALUMINATES; 3. BORATE SYSTEMS; 4. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 3. Hydrolysis and Condensation I : ISilicates; 1. AQUEOUS SILICATES; 2. HYDROLYSIS AND CONDENSATION OF SILICON ALKOXIDES; 3. MULTICOMPONENT SILICATES; REFERENCES. Chapter 4. Particulate Sols and Gels1. AQUEOUS METAL SALTS ; 2. MONODISPERSE PARTICLES FROM SOLUTION; 3. OTHER METHODS OF MAKING PARTICLES; 4. DISPERSION OF PYROGENIC PARTICLES; 5. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 5. Gelation; 1. PHENOMENOLOGY; 2. CLASSICAL THEORY; 3. PERCOLATION THEORY; 4. KINETIC MODELS; 5. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES; 6. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 6. Aging of Gels; 1. AGING PROCESSES; 2. STRUCTURE; 3. SYNERESIS; 4. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; 5. SUMMARY; References; Chapter 7. Theory of Deformation and Flow in Gels; 1. DRIVING FORCES FOR SHRINKAGE; 2. LIQUID TRANSPORT. 3. RHEOLOGY OF THE POROUS NETWORK4. THEORY OF DEFORMATION; 5. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 8. Drying; 1. PHENOMENOLOGY ; 2. DRYING STRESS; 3. AVOIDING FRACTURE; 4. FILMS; 5. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 9. Structural Evolution during Consolidation; 1. STRUCTURES OF POROUS GELS: XEROGELS AND AEROGELS; 2. STRUCTURAL CHANGES DURING HEATING: AMORPHOUS SYSTEMS; 3. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 10. Surface Chemistry and Chemical Modification; 1. DEFINITION OF SURFACE; 2. SURFACE COVERAGE OF OH AND OR; 3. DEHYDROXYLATION; 4. CHEMISTRY OF DEHYDROXYLATED SURFACES; 5. COMPOSITIONAL MODIFICATION. 6. CONSEQUENCES OF SURFACE MORPHOLOGY7. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 11. Sintering; 1. THEORIES OF VISCOUS SINTERING; 2. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF VISCOUS SINTERING; 3. THEORY OF SINTERING OF CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS; 4. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF DIFFUSIVE SINTERING; 5.COMPETITION BETWEEN SINTERING AND CRYSTALLIZATION; 6. COMPOSITES; 7. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 12. Comparison of Gel-derived and Conventional Ceramics; 1. THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS ; 2. UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF SOLS; 3. UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF GELS; 4. GLASSES; 5. CRYSTALLINE SYSTEMS; 6. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 13. Film Formation. 1. PHYSICS OF FILM FORMATION2. PRECURSOR STRUCTURE; 3. DEPOSITION CONDITIONS; 4. OTHER COATING METHODS; 5. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; Chapter 14. Applications; 1. THIN FILMS AND COATINGS ; 2. MONOLITHS; 3. POWDERS, GRAINS, AND SPHERES; 4. FIBERS; 5. COMPOSITES; 6. POROUS GELS AND MEMBRANES; 7. SUMMARY; REFERENCES; INDEX.
Responsibility: C. Jeffrey Brinker, George W. Scherer.

Abstract:

"Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing presents the physical and chemical principles of the sol-gel process. The book emphasizes the science behind sol-gel processing with a chapter devoted to applications. The first chapter introduces basic terminology, provides a brief historical sketch, and identifies some excellent texts for background reading. Chapters 2 and 3 discuss the mechanisms of hydrolysis and condensation for nonsilicate and silicate systems. Chapter 4 deals with stabilization and gelation of sols. Chapter 5 reviews theories of gelation and examines the predicted and observed changes in the properties of a sol in the vicinity of the gel point. Chapter 6 describes the changes in structure and properties that occur during aging of a gel in its pore liquor (or some other liquid). The discussion of drying is divided into two parts, with the theory concentrated in Chapter 7 and the phenomenology in Chapter 8. The structure of dried gels is explored in Chapter 9. Chapter 10 shows the possibility of using the gel as a substrate for chemical reactions or of modifying the bulk composition of the resulting ceramic by performing a surface reaction (such as nitridation) on the gel. Chapter 11 reviews the theory and practice of sintering, describing the mechanisms that govern densification of amorphous and crystalline materials, and showing the advantages of avoiding crystallization before sintering is complete. The properties of gel-derived and conventional ceramics are discussed in Chapter 12. The preparation of films is such an important aspect of sol-gel technology that the fundamentals of film formation are treated at length in Chapter 13. Films and other applications are briefly reviewed in Chapter 14. Materials scientists and researchers in the field of sol-gel processing will find the book invaluable."

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