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Songwriting : a complete guide to the craft

Author: Stephen Citron
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : Limelight Editions, 2008. ©2008
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
A comprehensive course for beginning and experienced songwriters includes cogent advice on how to write the always-popular genres--from the country song to ska--as well as how to find a song concept, distill the hook, choose a form, add harmony, and select rhythm. An appendix features tips on how to copyright, computerize, notate, record, and sell your song.
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Stephen Citron
ISBN: 9780879103576 0879103574
OCLC Number: 176944193
Description: xviii, 334 pages : music ; 24 cm
Contents: Preface to the new edition --
Preface --
Acknowledgments --
First considerations --
Concept --
Which comes first, melody or lyrics? --
Collaboration --
Finding and working with a collaborator --
How much technical training do you need? --
Supplies --
Part 1: Lyrics --
1: Construction and form --
How and why we label form --
How and why we label rhymes --
Verses and choruses --
Folk songs --
Spirituals --
Blues, classic and pop --
Operettas --
1900-1920 --
1920s --
1930s and 1940s --
Musical theater since World War II --
Late forties --
Fifties --
Sixties --
Seventies --
Eighties --
Nineties --
Twenty-first century --
Rock --
Rock and roll --
Beatles and the revolution in form --
Rock --
Acid rock --
Hard rock --
Bubblegum --
Folk-rock --
Seventies --
Eighties --
Country --
Your style --
2: Types of songs --
Starting with parodies --
Things to remember when writing parody --
Writing lyrics to songs in the public domain --
Things to remember when writing lyrics to songs in the public domain --
Writing a lyric to already existing music --
Translations --
Story songs --
Dos and don'ts for story songs --
Descriptive songs --
Situations songs --
Some situations for song --
List songs --
Tips on the list song --
Social message songs --
Birthday songs --
Foreign or pseudo-foreign songs --
Patriotic songs --
Holiday songs --
Gimmick songs --
Nonsense songs --
Suggestions for writing nonsense songs --
Punch-line songs --
Inspirational songs --
Gospel songs --
Love songs --
Unsuitable concepts --
3: Rhyme --What makes rhyme? --
Paper rhymes --
Identical rhymes --
Regional rhymes --
Imperfect and false rhymes --
One-, two-, and three-rhymes --
Inner rhymes --
Non-rhymed lyrics --
Rhyme schemes --
Original rhyme schemes --
Words that will not rhyme --
4: Word usage --
Simile and metaphor --
Alliteration --
Onomatopoeia --
Words that do not sing --
Connecting the words --
Inverted language --
Filling out or telescoping a lyric --
Matching accents and meaning --
Inappropriate speech --
Poets' handbooks and rhyming dictionaries. Part 2: Music --
5: Melody --
Basics of notating a melody --
Staff --
Sharps, flats, and naturals --
Bar lines --
Time signature --
Time values --
Major scale --
Putting it all together --
Transposition --
Key signature --
In which key shall I write my song? --
Accidentals --
Intervals --
Motives --
How to turn the title into a musical motive --
Single-note motives --
Two-note motives --
Three-note motives --
Motives of four or more notes --
Where to take the motive --
How to freshen a worn motive --
Expanding the motive into a phrase --
Expanding the phrase into a period --
Range --
Tessitura --
Melisma --
Sequence --
Some rules for melody writing --
What your song should include --
A1 --
A --
Bridge or release --
A3 --
B and C --
Coda --
Interlude (trio) --
Extension --
Verse --
Fade --
6: Chords --
Triads --
Major triads --
Minor triads --
Diminished triads --
Augmented triads --
Triad abbreviations --
Scale-tone triads --
Numerical relationship --
Seventh chords --
Dominant seventh --
Major seventh --
Minor seventh --
Altered chords --
Diminished seventh --
Scale-tone sevenths in series --
Altering scale-tone chords --
Inversions --
Added sixth chords --
Ninth chords --
Eleventh and thirteenth chords --
7: Scales --
Major scale --
Relative minor and parallel minor scales --
Harmonic minor scale and melodic minor scale --
Scale-tone triads in minor and scale-tone sevenths in minor --
Other scales --
Modal scales --
Ethnic scales --
Color scales --
8: Harmony --
Two-chord harmony --
Two-chord harmony in minor --
Three-chord harmony --
Three-chord harmony in minor --
Changing harmony for intensification --
Imperfect cadence --
II V I --
I VI II V --
Commercial bridge --
Bridges in the minor --
Bridges that modulate to foreign keys --
Circle of chords --
Diminished cliche --
Old-fashioned ending --
Bass lines --
Ascending --
Ascending through the augmented --
Descending --
Descending in minor --
Chord substitution --
Intensifying the chords --
Suspension --
Anticipation --
Scale-tone substitution --
Turnarounds --
Evasion --
Blues melody and harmony --
9: Rhythm --
Beat --
Tempo --
Meter --
Rhythm --
How rhythm fills the music --
Syncopation --
Rhythms of popular music --
March --
Fox-trot --
Modified fox-trot --
Shuffle --
Boogie --
Ragtime --
Cakewalk --
Polka --
Alley cat --
Gavotte --
Minuet (menuet) --
Waltz --
Boston waltz --
Country waltz --
Jazz waltz --
Gospel waltz --
Charleston --
Jazz rhythms --
Jig (gigue) --
9/8 --
12/8 --
Country --
Disco --
Tango (habanera) --
Tango (Argentine) --
Bolero --
Merengue --
Cha-cha --
Conga --
Guaracha --
Rumba --
Beguine --
Mambo --
Samba --
Bossa nova --
Paso doble --
Reggae --
Bo Diddley --
Punk rock --
After the song is completed --
Getting a song on paper --
Lead sheets --
When preparing a lead sheet --
Three-stave arrangements --
Things to remember about three-stave arrangements --
Two-stave arrangements --
Things to remember about two-stave arrangements --
Arrangements for a group --
Professional copies --
Getting your song recorded --
Home demos --
Studio recording --
Copyright --
How to copyright a song --
Instructions for filling out copyright form PA --
What you cannot copyright --
How much can you quote? --
Language of the music industry --
Unions, agencies, and organizations --
Afterword --
Appendix --
Bluegrass --
Gangsta rap --
Heavy metal --
Hip-hop --
Hip-hop in the twenty-first century --
How to go about creating a hip-hop song --
Music-notation software --
Public domain songs --
Punk rock --
Rap --
Reggae --
Ska --
Glossary --
Bibliography --
Permissions --
Index.
Other Titles: Song writing :
Responsibility: Stephen Citron.

Abstract:

A comprehensive course for beginning and experienced songwriters includes cogent advice on how to write the always-popular genres--from the country song to ska--as well as how to find a song concept, distill the hook, choose a form, add harmony, and select rhythm. An appendix features tips on how to copyright, computerize, notate, record, and sell your song.

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-- Accidentals -- Intervals -- Motives -- How to turn the title into a musical motive -- Single-note motives -- Two-note motives -- Three-note motives -- Motives of four or more notes -- Where to take the motive -- How to freshen a worn motive -- Expanding the motive into a phrase -- Expanding the phrase into a period -- Range -- Tessitura -- Melisma -- Sequence -- Some rules for melody writing -- What your song should include -- A1 -- A -- Bridge or release -- A3 -- B and C -- Coda -- Interlude (trio) -- Extension -- Verse -- Fade -- 6: Chords -- Triads -- Major triads -- Minor triads -- Diminished triads -- Augmented triads -- Triad abbreviations -- Scale-tone triads -- Numerical relationship -- Seventh chords -- Dominant seventh -- Major seventh -- Minor seventh -- Altered chords -- Diminished seventh -- Scale-tone sevenths in series -- Altering scale-tone chords -- Inversions -- Added sixth chords -- Ninth chords -- Eleventh and thirteenth chords -- 7: Scales -- Major scale -- Relative minor and parallel minor scales -- Harmonic minor scale and melodic minor scale -- Scale-tone triads in minor and scale-tone sevenths in minor -- Other scales -- Modal scales -- Ethnic scales -- Color scales -- 8: Harmony -- Two-chord harmony -- Two-chord harmony in minor -- Three-chord harmony -- Three-chord harmony in minor -- Changing harmony for intensification -- Imperfect cadence -- II V I -- I VI II V -- Commercial bridge -- Bridges in the minor -- Bridges that modulate to foreign keys -- Circle of chords -- Diminished cliche -- Old-fashioned ending -- Bass lines -- Ascending -- Ascending through the augmented -- Descending -- Descending in minor -- Chord substitution -- Intensifying the chords -- Suspension -- Anticipation -- Scale-tone substitution -- Turnarounds -- Evasion -- Blues melody and harmony -- 9: Rhythm -- Beat -- Tempo -- Meter -- Rhythm -- How rhythm fills the music -- Syncopation -- Rhythms of popular music -- March -- Fox-trot -- Modified fox-trot -- Shuffle -- Boogie -- Ragtime -- Cakewalk -- Polka -- Alley cat -- Gavotte -- Minuet (menuet) -- Waltz -- Boston waltz -- Country waltz -- Jazz waltz -- Gospel waltz -- Charleston -- Jazz rhythms -- Jig (gigue) -- 9\/8 -- 12\/8 -- Country -- Disco -- Tango (habanera) -- Tango (Argentine) -- Bolero -- Merengue -- Cha-cha -- Conga -- Guaracha -- Rumba -- Beguine -- Mambo -- Samba -- Bossa nova -- Paso doble -- Reggae -- Bo Diddley -- Punk rock -- After the song is completed -- Getting a song on paper -- Lead sheets -- When preparing a lead sheet -- Three-stave arrangements -- Things to remember about three-stave arrangements -- Two-stave arrangements -- Things to remember about two-stave arrangements -- Arrangements for a group -- Professional copies -- Getting your song recorded -- Home demos -- Studio recording -- Copyright -- How to copyright a song -- Instructions for filling out copyright form PA -- What you cannot copyright -- How much can you quote? 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