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Sources of Indian tradition

Author: Ainslie Thomas Embree; Wm Theodore De Bary
Publisher: New York : Columbia University Press, 1988
Series: Introduction to Oriental civilizations
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2. edView all editions and formats
Since 1958 Sources of Indian Tradition has been one of the most important and widely used texts on civilization in South Asia (now the nation-states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal). It has helped generations of students and lay readers understand how leading thinkers there have looked at life, the traditions of their ancestors, and the world they live in. This second edition has been  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Ainslie Thomas Embree; Wm Theodore De Bary
ISBN: 0231066503 9780231066501 0231066511 9780231066518 0231064144 9780231064149 0231064152 9780231064156
OCLC Number: 473406557
Notes: 1. ed. ed. by Wm. Theodore de Bary ... [et al.]
Vol. 1 : From the beginning to 1800 / edited and revised by Ainslie T. Embree
Vol. 2 : Modern India and Pakistan
Description: 2 bd. : illustrations
Contents: Volume 1: --
Preface to the second edition --
Preface to the first edition --
Acknowledgments --
Explanatory note and guide to pronunciation --
Contributors --
Chronology --
Map --
Brahmanical Tradition: The Vedic Period (R N Dandekar, revised) --
Introduction (R Weiler, revised) --
Cosmic And Ritual Order In Vedic Literature: --
Agni --
Heaven and earth --
Varuna --
Indra --
Sun --
Dawn --
Soma (1) --
Soma (2) --
Primeval sacrifice --
Unnamed God --
Origin of the world --
Charm against jaundice --
Charm against various evils --
Exorcism of serpents --
Ritual order: techniques for the sacred fires --
Ultimate Reality In The Upanishads: --
Sacrificial horse --
Sacrifices-unsteady boats on the ocean of life --
Five sheaths --
Real self --
Essential reality underlying the world --
Jainism And Buddhism (A L Basham) --
Introduction: Background of Jainism and Buddhism --
Basic Doctrines Of Jainism: --
Origin and development of Jainism --
Jain Doctrines and practices --
Jain literature --
Of human bondage --
Man in the well --
Kinsfolk are no comfort in old age --
All creation groans together in torment --
Creatures great and small --
Eternal law --
Respect for life --
Hero of penance and self-control --
Cheerfully endure all things --
Wise men and fools --
Two ways of life --
Refuge of all creatures --
Final penance --
Moral verses --
Jain Philosophy And Political Thought: --
Of space and time --
There is no creator --
Plurality of souls --
Ideal King I --
Ideal King II --
Practical advice on war and peace --
Miseries and dangers of politics --
Theravada Buddhism: --
Basic doctrines of Theravada Buddhism --
Four noble truths --
Nature of consciousness and the chain of causation --
False doctrines about the soul --
Simile of the chariot --
Change and identity --
Process of rebirth --
Karma --
Right mindfulness --
Last instructions of the Buddha --
Buddha in Nirvana --
City of Righteousness --
Ethics of Theravada Buddhism Morals of the monk --
Care of the body --
Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon Earth --
Virtue of friendliness --
Hatred and love --
Buddhism and everyday life --
Society and the state in Theravada Buddhism --
How the world evolved --
Origin of society and state --
Ideal of government, and the decay and growth of civilization --
Conditions of the welfare of societies --
Birth is no criterion of worth --
Ashoka: Buddhist emperor --
Mahayana Buddhism: The Greater Vehicle: --
Bodhisattva --
Mahayana ideal is higher than that of the Theravada --
Suffering savior --
Lost son --
Against self-mortification --
Joy in all things --
Good deeds of the Bodhisattva --
Evils of meat-eating --
Gift of food --
Three bodies of the Buddha --
Emptiness --
Faith in emptiness --
Karma and rebirth --
Suchness --
All depends on the mind --
Nirvana is here and now --
Praise of Dharma --
Perfect wisdom personified --
Blessings of peace --
Divine right (and duty) of kings --
Magical utterances --
Vehicle Of The Thunderbolt And The Decline Of Buddhism In India: --
To the pure all things are pure --
Everything is Buddha --
Hindu Way Of Life (V Raghavan and R N Dandekar): --
Introduction (A T E) --
Four ends of man (V R) --
Dharma: The First End Of Man (R N D): --
What is dharma? --
Sources and extent of Dharma --
Dharma is not static --
Varna-dharma or organization of the four classes --
Origin of mixed castes --
Initiation to studenthood --
Marriage and householder's duties --
Position of women --
Hermit and the ascetic --
Life-cycle rites --
Artha: The Second End Of Man (R N D): --
Kingship Origin of kingship --
Science of polity --
Duties of a king --
Seven limbs of the state --
Circle of states and interstate policy --
State administration --
Kama: The Third End Of Man (V R, Revised): --
Science of love and pleasure --
Man of taste and culture --
Signs of a girl in love --
When love becomes intense --
Remembered love --
Love song of the dark Lord --
Shiva and Kama: asceticism and erotic passion --
All passion spent --
Aesthetics: theory and practice --
Dramatic theory and the concept of Rasa --
Poetry --
Shakuntala --
Moksha: The Fourth End Of Man: --
Bhagavad Gita: action and devotion (R N D) --
Necessity of action --
Why Karma- yoga? --
Technique of Karma-yoga --
Bhakti-yoga: doctrine of devotion --
Divine manifestations --
Philosophical synthesis --
Perfect man --
Hindu philosophy (V R, revised) --
Sankhya --
Ishvarakrishna --
Vedanta --
Shankara --
Puranic theism: the way of devotion : (V R, revisited) --
Devotion to Vishnu as Lord --
Devotion to Shiva --
Devotion to Devi, the goddess --
Tantric way --
Songs Of Medieval Hindu Devotion (V R, Revised): --
Shiva Bhakti --
Tirunavukkarashu --
Jnanasambandha --
Manikkavachakar --
Sundaramurti --
Basavanna --
Madadevi --
Lalla --
Vishnu Bhakti --
Alvars --
Nammalvar --
Purandaradasa --
Tukaram --
Tulsidas --
In praise of Krishna --
Surdas --
Mirabai --
Devi Bhakti --
Ramprasad --
Nirguna Bhakti and the Sant Tradition --
Kabir --
Ravidas --
Islam In Medieval India (P Hardy; revised by C Brunner, and D Lelyveld): --
Introduction --
Foundations Of Islam In India: --
Historical background --
Coming of Islam to India --
Muslim Orthodoxy in India --
Piety: Key to paradise (Adib) Theology: the perfection of faith (Abd ul-Haqq) --
Propaganda: the Indian proof (Mihrabi) --
Sharia, or Islamic Code of Conduct --
Bases of Jurisprudence (al-Razi) --
Guidance in the Sharia (the Hiddaya) --
Muslim Ruler In India: --
Legitimacy of kingship --
Final end of human society is the worship of God (Barni) --
Rulers are ordained by God (Hamadani) --
Obedience to the Sultan is commanded by God (Fakhr-i-Mudir) --
Kingship is incompatible with religious ideals (Barni) --
War between good and evil (Barni) --
Man's opposing qualities and their political implications (Barni) --
Duties and responsibilities of a Muslim ruler --
Ulama and the ruler (Fakhr-i-Mudir) --
Ruler as protector of the faith (Barni) --
Consultation with wise counsellors (Barni) --
Organizing the government (Barni) --
Army (Barni) --
Perfect rule (Barni) --
Abu'l Fazl's theory of rulership (Abu'l Fazl) --
Declaration of Akbar's status as a Mujtahid (Bada'uni) --
Against rulers misled by wicked Ulama (Sirhindi) --
Ideal social order --
Four-class division of society (Jalali) --
Divine origin of the "division of labor" (Barni) --
Rulers to preserve the social order willed by God (Barni) --
Necessity of inequality (Baqir Khan) --
Muslim conquest and the status of Hindus --
Mahmud of Ghazni (Biruni; Firishta; Abu'l Fazl) --
King's duty to convert idolaters (Barni) --
Are Hindus Zimmis? (Hamandani) --
Rights of Hindus (Nizam ud-Din Ahmad; Bada'uni; Aurangzab) --
Islamic Mysticism In India: --
Early Sufism in India --
Love of God (Ali Hujwiri) --
Contemplation (Ali Hujwiri) --
Seeking the path (Sharaf ud-din Yahya) --
Renunciation (Sharaf ud-din Yahya) --
Quest for God the beloved and the knowledge of God --
Steps of a disciple (Sharaf ud-din Yahya) --
Final stage (Sharaf ud-din Yahya) --
Preservation of God's transcendence at the Supreme Stage of Mystic Experience Subsistence and Annihilation (Ali Hujwiri) --
True contemplation is ineffable (Ali Hujwiri) --
Sufi acceptance of Orthodox formalist Islam --
Orthodox practice and spiritual experience both necessary (Ali Hujwiri) --
Superiority of the Prophets over the saints (Ali Hujwiri) --
Pious behavior of all Muslims (Amir Hasan Sijzi) --
Syncreticism and orthodoxy under the Mughals --
Akbar's religious outlook --
Discussion in the Hall of Worship (Bada'uni; Muhsin-i-Fani) --
Divine Faith (Muhsin-i-Fani; Bada'uni) --
Dara Shikoh and Pantheism --
Mystic Path (Dara Shikoh) --
Upanishads: God's most perfect revelation (Dara Shikoh) --
Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi: Reaction to Pantheistic mysticism --
Mystic union with God is only subjective (Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi) --
Shah Wali-Ullah: Sufism and the crisis of Islam in India --
Ijtihad, or legal interpretation (Wali-Ullah) --
Unity of interpretations of mysticism (Wali-Ullah) --
Islamic community in India (Wali-Ullah) --
Mystical poetry and popular religion --
Shah Abdu'I-Latif --
Bullhe Shah --
Waris Shah --
Khwaja Mir Dard --
Sikhism (A T E): --
Sikhism: faith and practice --
Guru Nanak (1469-1539): life and teachings --
Later gurus and the Sikh community --
Adi Granth and Janam Sakhis --
Mul Mantra: the basic statement --
Great question: how is truth to be found? --
Divine order --
Human nature --
Name and the word --
Guru --
Uselessness of caste, ceremonies, and all externals --
Stories about Nanak --
Gobind Singh: the last Guru Volume 2: --
Preface to the second edition --
Preface to the first edition --
Acknowledgments --
Transliteration of proper names --
Contributors --
Chronology --
Map --
Introduction --
Opening Of India To The West: --
Ananda Ranga Pillai: Hindu agent for the French --
On the greatness of Dupleix --
Astrological misfortune --
Improper feast --
Doctrine of predestination --
Collapse of the old order --
Abu Taleb: Muslim traveler to the West --
Muslim indifference to learning about the West --
Ode to London --
Evil of Western materialism --
Strange notion of progress --
Rammohun Roy: Father of modern India --
How the British took control of India --
Autobiographical remarks --
Precious gift to those who believe in one God --
Need for a more humane morality and a purer mode of worship --
Superiority of the precepts of Jesus --
In defense of Hindu women --
For freedom of the press --
Letter on education --
Future of India --
Two poems --
Leaders Of Hindu Reform And Revival: --
Debendranath Tagore: re-creator of the Brahmo Samaj --
Conflict between Sanskritic and western education --
Call to renunciation --
Decisive dream --
Brahmo Samajo and its relation to Orthodox Hinduism --
Keshub Chunder Sen and the Indianization of Christianity --
Enthusiasm --
Loyalty to the British Nation --
Asiatric Christ --
Indian National Church --
Dayananda Saraswati: Vedic Revivalist --
Of mice and idols --
Debate with a Christian and Muslim --
Parable of the preceptor and his two disciples --
Against the Hindu reform movements of the Nineteenth Century --
Virtues of Europeans --
Summary of his beliefs --
Shri Ramakrishna: mystic and spiritual teacher --
World as seen by a mystic --
Fix your mind on God --
Beware of the wicked --
Parables and sayings --
Swami Vivekananda: Hindu missionary to the west --
Man is God --
Rationale of castle and Idol-worship --
India and the west --
Indian thought to conquer the world --
America and India's poor Modern India --
Nationalism Takes Root: The Moderates: --
Dadabhai Naoroji: architect of Indian nationalism --
Pros and cons of British rule --
Blessings of British rule --
Moral impoverishment of India --
Surendranath Banerjea: Bengali moderate --
Need for Indian unity --
Faith in England --
Faith in social progress --
Mahadev Govind Ranade: pioneer Maharashtrian reformer --
Revivalism versus reform --
India's need: state guidance of economic development --
Gopal Krishna Gokhale: servant of India --
Taxation without representation --
Improving the lot of low-caste Hindus --
Romesh Chunder Dutt: pioneer economic historian --
Causes of India's poverty --
Marriage Of Politics And Religion: The Extremists: --
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee: nationalist author --
Language of the masses --
Hail to the mother --
Why the British came to rule India --
Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Father of Indian Unrest --
Gita versus the penal code --
Tenets of the new party --
Message of the Bhagavad Gita --
Aurobindo Ghose: mystic patriot --
Doctrine of passive resistance --
Nationalism is the work of God --
India's mission: the resurrection of Hindusim --
Divinizing this world through integral yoga --
From inner awareness of spiritual reality to a lasting human unity --
Lajpat Rai: Lion of the Punjab --
Open letter to Syed Ahmed Khan --
Reform versus revival --
Coming political struggle --
Untouchability must go --
Leaders Of Islamic Revival, Reform, And Nationalism In Pre-Independent India: --
Attempted Mughal restoration: the Azamgarh proclamation --
Syed Ahmed Khan: Muslim reformer and educator --
Advice to the people of Bijnor after the 1857-1858 uprising --
Impressions of England and her civilization --
Importance of Modern Western education --
Islam in the light of modern knowledge --
Hindu-Muslim peaceful coexistence possible only under British rule --
Mohamed Ali: patriot and defender of the faith --
Communal patriot Expanded horizon of young Muslim men --
To self-government through Hindu-Muslim unity, nonviolence, and sacrifice --
Final appeal for Islam and India --
Muhammad Iqbal: poet and philosopher of the Islamic revival --
Freedom, the self, and desire --
Muslims are one in soul --
Need for understanding Islam in the light of modern knowledge --
Facts of religious experience and the revolutionary effects of prayer --
From prophecy to individual judgment of one's inner and outer experience --
Muslim legislatures as the means for the evolution of Islamic law --
Separate state for Muslims within India --
Muhammed Ali Jinnah: founder of Pakistan (part 1) --
We have to live together-we have to work together --
Hindus and Muslims: two separate nations --
Thrust toward a new Muslim nation --
Rahmat Ali: giving a name to Pakistan --
Abul Kalam Azad: Muslim nationalist --
Muslims of India and the future of India --
Mahatma Gandhi: Nationalist India's "Great Soul": --
On himself and his inner voice --
Nonviolence (Ahimsa): the force of love, of the soul, and of God --
Nonviolent democracy: control by the people of themselves and their government --
Toward a purer social and economic life for all --
Satyagraha: transforming unjust relationships through the power of the soul --
Life as a search for God or truth --
Other Nationalist Leaders In The Decades Before Independence: --
Rabindranath Tagore: poet, educator, and India's ambassador to the world --
To the supreme leader of the minds of all people --
Where the mind is without fear --
Renunciation of renunciation --
Thoughts on the future of humanity --
Gandhi versus truth --
Gandhi: "the best of men" in the new age --
Symphony --
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar: Hindu nationalist --
Glories of the Hindu nation --
Manabendra Nath Roy: from international communist to radical humanist --
Anti-imperialist struggle in India --
Revolution-necessary and inevitable Radical humanism --
Subhas Chandra Bose: military-minded modernist --
Philosophy of activism and modernism --
Reality as unfolding love --
Program for reconstructing "post-war" India --
India needs a dictator --
On to Delhi! --
Jawaharlal Nehru: democratic socialist (part 1) --
Socialist creed --
Between Gandhi and Marx-and beyond them --
On Gandhi --
On the threshold of a new era --
Bhim Rao Ambedkar: spokesman for the untouchables (part 1) --
Change your religion --
Partition India into Hindustan and Pakistan --
Denunciation of Mr Gandhi --
Public Policies For Independent India: --
Constitution of India --
Ambedkar: untouchable statesman (part 2) --
Debating the draft constitution --
Looking to the future --
Why accept Buddhism --
Jawaharla Nehru: democratic socialist (part 2) --
To peace through nonalignment and freedom from fear --
Full progress in a full democracy --
E M S Namboodiripad: Marxist-Leninist --
Gandhi and India's "Bourgeoisie" --
Either to the Left, or the Right --
Balraj Modhak: Spokesman for Hinducentric Nationalism --
Indianize the consciousness of the Indian people --
Jayaprakash Narayan: Ex-Marxist Gandhian Socialist --
Plan for India's future --
Plea for a Communitarian polity and economy --
Pakistan: Defining An Islamic State (revised by A T E): --
Muhammad Ali Jinnah: founder of Pakistan (part 2) --
Vision of Pakistan --
Liaquat Ali Khan: the first prime minister --
Objectives of the constitution --
Mohammad Munir: the Chief Justice of Pakistan --
Is there an Islamic State? --
General Ayub Khan: martial law administrator --
Revivalists against national unity --
Syed Abu'l-ala-Maududi: spokesman for Islamic revival --
Islam and the impact of the West --
Islamic Law and social change --
Replacing Western forms with Islamic Law --
Islamic Law is part of a total way of life --
Bibliography --
Index. Vol. 2. Modern India and Pakistan / ed. and rev. by Stephen Hay
Series Title: Introduction to Oriental civilizations


Primary sources in the history, philosophy, and religions of South Asia: Volume II focuses on the subcontinent's history from 1498 to 1984, with such topics as the opening of India to the West; Hindu  Read more...


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This is a serious, careful, dependable book, broader and more varied even than the old Sources...It is also easy to read, to look at, and to hear; the new translations are always sound, often Read more...

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