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The step-tongue : children's English in Singapore

Author: Anthea Fraser Gupta
Publisher: Clevedon [England] ; Philadelphia : Multilingual Matters, ©1994.
Series: Multilingual matters (Series), 101.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

In Singapore multilingualism is the norm, and English (often the local variety) is widely acquired and used. This book examines the social and historical context of children's English in Singapore  Read more...

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Gupta, Anthea Fraser, 1951-
Step-tongue.
Clevedon [England] ; Philadelphia : Multilingual Matters, ©1994
(OCoLC)646976075
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Anthea Fraser Gupta
ISBN: 1853592307 9781853592300 1853592293 9781853592294
OCLC Number: 29634221
Description: xiv, 229 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Contents: Part 1 Native speakers of English in Singapore: introduction; Diglossia in Singapore English; features of SCE and StdE; SCE features; StdE features; who are the native speakers?; how numerous are the native speakers?; Singapore censuses, 1980 and 1990; history of English in Singapore; the schools; the pupils; the teachers; the languages; language situation in early schools; the present situation; SCE in Singapore today. Part 2 Acquiring Singapore colloquial English: introduction; acquiring a Creole; the children in my study; the boys' family; the girls' family; linguistic repertoire; learning SCE; beginning to be Diglossic; acquiring pragmatic particles in SCE. Part 3 Acquisition of interrogatives: introduction; interrogative structures in SCE; X-interrogatives; order of acquisition of wh-words; X-interrogatives with missing constituent; development of X-interrogatives; what, where and who; which and how many; fronting of wh-words - why and how; trends in main clause X-interrogatives; polar interrogatives.
Series Title: Multilingual matters (Series), 101.
Responsibility: Anthea Fraser Gupta.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> # The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"29634221<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/clevedon_england<\/a>> ; # Clevedon England<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/enk<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/306.446095957\/e20\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/911928<\/a>> ; # English language--Variation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/english_language_variation_singapore<\/a>> ; # English language--Variation--Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/english_language_singapore<\/a>> ; # English language--Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/englisch<\/a>> ; # Englisch.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/910920<\/a>> ; # English language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/855024<\/a>> ; # Children--Language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/children_singapore_language<\/a>> ; # Children--Singapore--Language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Thing\/singapore<\/a>> ; # Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/singapur<\/a>> ; # Singapur<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/kindersprache<\/a>> ; # Kindersprache<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205288<\/a>> ; # Singapore.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/englisch<\/a>> ; # Englisch<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"1994<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/114055797<\/a>> ; # Anthea Fraser Gupta<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"1994<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/799451413<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Series\/multilingual_matters<\/a>> ; # Multilingual matters ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Series\/multilingual_matters_series<\/a>> ; # Multilingual matters (Series) ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/646976075<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"29634221<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/29634221#PublicationEvent\/clevedon_england_philadelphia_multilingual_matters_1994<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Agent\/multilingual_matters<\/a>> ; # Multilingual Matters<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&local_base=BVB01&doc_number=006485510&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.gbv.de\/dms\/bowker\/toc\/9781853592300.pdf<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781853592294<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781853592300<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GB94Z4611<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GB9463939<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/306.446095957\/e20\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Agent\/multilingual_matters<\/a>> # Multilingual Matters<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Multilingual Matters<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/clevedon_england<\/a>> # Clevedon England<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Clevedon England<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/englisch<\/a>> # Englisch.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Englisch.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Philadelphia<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/singapur<\/a>> # Singapur<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Singapur<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Series\/multilingual_matters<\/a>> # Multilingual matters ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> ; # The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Multilingual matters ;<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Series\/multilingual_matters_series<\/a>> # Multilingual matters (Series) ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> ; # The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Multilingual matters (Series) ;<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Thing\/singapore<\/a>> # Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Thing<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Singapore<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/children_singapore_language<\/a>> # Children--Singapore--Language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85023418<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Children--Singapore--Language<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/englisch<\/a>> # Englisch<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Englisch<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/english_language_singapore<\/a>> # English language--Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"English language--Singapore<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/english_language_variation_singapore<\/a>> # English language--Variation--Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"English language--Variation--Singapore<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Topic\/kindersprache<\/a>> # Kindersprache<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kindersprache<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/enk<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"enk<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205288<\/a>> # Singapore.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Singapore.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/855024<\/a>> # Children--Language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Children--Language<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/910920<\/a>> # English language<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"English language<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/911928<\/a>> # English language--Variation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"English language--Variation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/114055797<\/a>> # Anthea Fraser Gupta<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1951<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Gupta<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Anthea Fraser<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Anthea Fraser Gupta<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781853592294<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1853592293<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781853592294<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781853592300<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1853592307<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781853592300<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/646976075<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"Step-tongue.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Online version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> ; # The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/29634221<\/a>> ; # The step-tongue : children\'s English in Singapore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-02-05<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/29634221#PublicationEvent\/clevedon_england_philadelphia_multilingual_matters_1994<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Place\/clevedon_england<\/a>> ; # Clevedon England<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/799451413#Agent\/multilingual_matters<\/a>> ; # Multilingual Matters<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n