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Stereotype threat : theory, process, and application

Author: Michael Inzlicht; Toni Schmader
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : Oxford University Press, ©2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The 21st century has brought with it unparalleled levels of diversity in the classroom and the workforce. It is now common to see in elementary school, high school, and university classrooms, not to mention boardrooms and factory floors, a mixture of ethnicities, races, genders, and religious affiliations. But these changes in academic and economic opportunities have not directly translated into an elimination of  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael Inzlicht; Toni Schmader
ISBN: 9780199732449 0199732442
OCLC Number: 701493682
Description: xv, 320 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: Introduction / Michael Inzlicht, Toni Schmader --
Basic processess. Role of situational cues in signaling and maintaining stereotype threat / Mary C. Murphy, Valerie Jones Taylor --
Integration of processes that underlie stereotype threat / Toni Schmader, Sian Beilock --
Embodied stereotype threat : exploring brain and body mechanisms underlying performance impairments / Wendy Berry Mendes, Jeremy Jamieson --
Theoretical extensions. Types of threats : from stereotype threat to stereotype threats / Jenessa R. Shapiro --
Social belonging and the motivation and intellectual achievement of negatively stereotyped students / Gregory M. Walton, Priyanka B. Carr --
Stereotype threat spillover : the short- and long-term effects of coping with threats to social identity / Michael Inzlicht, Alexa M. Tullett, Jennifer N. Gutsell --
Differentiating theories : a comparison of stereotype threat and stereotype priming effects / David M. Marx --
Stereotype boost : positive outcomes from the activation of positive stereotypes / Margaret J. Shih, Todd L. Pittinsky, Geoffrey C. Ho --
Manifestations of stereotype threat. Threatening gender and race : different manifestations of stereotype threat / Christine Logel, Jennifer Peach, Steven J. Spencer --
Stereotype threat in organizations : an examination of its scope, triggers, and possible interventions / Laura J. Kray, Aiwa Shirako --
Social class and test performance : from stereotype threat to symbolic violence and vice versa / Jean-Claude Croizet, Mathias Millet --
Aging and stereotype threat : development, process, and interventions / Alison L. Chasteen, Sonia K. Kang, Jessica D. Remedios --
Impact of stereotype threat on performance in sports / Jeff Stone, Aina Chalabaev, C. Keith Harrison --
Stereotype threat in interracial interactions / Jennifer A. Richeson, J. Nicole Shelton --
Stereotype threat and the real world. Concerns about generalizing stereotype threat research findings to operational high-stakes testing / Paul R. Sackett, Ann Marie Ryan --
Stereotype threat in the real world / Joshua Aronson, Thomas Dee --
Identity threat perspective on intervention / Geoffrey L. Cohen, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia --
Conclusion. Extending and applying stereotype threat research : a brief essay / Claude M. Steele.
Responsibility: [edited by] Michael Inzlicht and Toni Schmader.
More information:

Abstract:

The 21st century has brought with it unparalleled levels of diversity in the classroom and the workforce. It is now common to see in elementary school, high school, and university classrooms, not to mention boardrooms and factory floors, a mixture of ethnicities, races, genders, and religious affiliations. But these changes in academic and economic opportunities have not directly translated into an elimination of group disparities in academic performance, career opportunities, and levels of advancement. Standard explanations for these disparities, which are vehemently debated in the scientific community and popular press, range from the view that women and minorities are genetically endowed with inferior abilities to the view that members of these demographic groups are products of environments that frustrate the development of the skills needed for success. Although these explanations differ along a continuum of nature vs. nurture, they share in common a presumption that a large chunk of our population lacks the potential to achieve academic and career success. In contrast to intractable factors like biology or upbringing, the research summarized in this book suggests that factors in one's immediate situation play a critical yet underappreciated role in temporarily suppressing the intellectual performance of women and minorities, creating an illusion of group differences in ability. Research conducted over the course of the last fifteen years suggests the mere existence of cultural stereotypes that assert the intellectual inferiority of these groups creates a threatening intellectual environment for stigmatized individuals - a climate where anything they say or do is interpreted through the lens of low expectations. This stereotype threat can ultimately interfere with intellectual functioning and academic engagement, setting the stage for later differences in educational attainment, career choice, and job advancement. --Product Description from Website.

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