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Structuring poverty in the Windy City : autonomy, virtue, and isolation in post-fire Chicago

Author: Joel E Black
Publisher: Lawrence, Kansas : University Press of Kansas, [2019]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The Great Chicago Fire in October 1871 destroyed 2,600 acres and left tens of thousands without housing, food, fuel, or clothing. In the aftermath the mayor handed all relief duties to the commercial elite at the Chicago Relief and Aid Society. This was, as Joel E. Black's provocative study shows, a critical decision--one that ensured that Chicago's physical rebuilding would be coupled with an equally ambitious
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Joel E Black
ISBN: 9780700628001 0700628002 9780700628018 0700628010
OCLC Number: 1066124130
Description: xi, 259 pages : illustrations, facsimilies, map ; 23 cm
Contents: Introduction: Structures of Poverty --
Rise: Vagrancy, Poverty, and the Makings of an Order --
Autonomy: Compelling "Tramps" to Jobs and Homes --
Virtue: Trading in Sex and Wages --
Isolation: Quarantine and the Legacy of Migration --
Fall: Gangster "Tramps," Contracting Women, and the "New Negro" --
Epilogue: The New Deal's Social Origins.
Responsibility: Joel E. Black.

Abstract:

The Great Chicago Fire in 1871 left tens of thousands without housing, food, fuel, or clothing. In the aftermath the mayor handed all relief duties to the commercial elite at the Chicago Relief and  Read more...

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Structuring Poverty in the Windy City is a very important contribution to our knowledge of American, urban, and Chicago history at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth Read more...

 
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    schema:description ""The Great Chicago Fire in October 1871 destroyed 2,600 acres and left tens of thousands without housing, food, fuel, or clothing. In the aftermath the mayor handed all relief duties to the commercial elite at the Chicago Relief and Aid Society. This was, as Joel E. Black's provocative study shows, a critical decision--one that ensured that Chicago's physical rebuilding would be coupled with an equally ambitious rebuilding of the city's poor, as reformers, social scientists, and journalists set out to interpret and define Chicago's jobless, wayward, and migrating populations. What emerged from this effort was a new form of social and quasi-governmental authority based on poverty--a web of political and legal theories and practices rooted in the conditions of the poor. This authority is the subject of Structuring Poverty in the Windy City. In the decades after the Chicago Fire, the process begun by the Relief and Aid Society would expand outward--from jobless men to workingwomen to southern African American migrants, each defined by, and defining, poverty. Drawing on local newspapers, magazines, commissions, and legal decisions and documents from archives in Chicago, Black tells the stories of "tramps," sex workers, and migrants caught within the structures of poverty; he also describes the legal and social order compelling their reform to the strictures of that selfsame order. As it reveals the central role of the impoverished in the creation of a legal order, Black's book stresses the effect of social ideas on legal thinking, which was reflected in the policies of the New Deal and, even now, in the politics of poverty and social engineering."--"@en ;
    schema:description ""By digging through local newspapers, magazines, city reports, legal decisions, and archival materials, Joel E. Black tells the stories of the "tramps," sex workers, and migrants who found themselves caught within structures of poverty--the web of theories, policies, institutions, and practices that shaped a social order identifying who was poor and thus at the mercy of those who, in an effort to rebuild Chicago, claimed authority over their existence and compelled them to conform. Structuring Poverty looks at how the forces of institutional poverty operated on the ground in Progressive Era Chicago, and how these structures set the stage for similar efforts in the New Deal"--"@en ;
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