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Synthesis and tribological applications of hybrid materials

Author: Mohammad Jawaid; Rajini Nagarajan; Jacob Sukumaran; Patrick De Baets
Publisher: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mohammad Jawaid; Rajini Nagarajan; Jacob Sukumaran; Patrick De Baets
ISBN: 9783527808588 3527808582 9783527808595 3527808590 3527343016 9783527343010
OCLC Number: 1050448377
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Preface xi 1 Tribological Assessment on Accelerated Aging Bones in Polymeric Condition 1Ramdziah M. Nasir, Law C. Gan, and Abdul Y. Saad 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Bone 2 1.3 Methodology 4 1.3.1 Phase I: Planning 4 1.3.2 Phase II: Design of Experiment 5 1.3.3 Phase III: Conduct of Experiment 5 1.3.4 Phase IV: Observation and Analysis 8 1.4 Results and Discussion 9 1.4.1 Accelerated Weathering Study 9 1.4.2 Effects of Increase in Temperature and Decrease in Relative Humidity (RH) on Maximum Load Withstood by Bone 12 1.4.3 Comparison of Bovine and Goat Bone Strength at Normal and Increased Temperatures 15 1.5 Conclusion 28 1.A Relative Humidity Chart 28 References 29 2 Nanofracture and Wear Testing on Natural Bones 33Ramdziah M. Nasir, Muhammad A.A. Muhmad, and Abdul Y. Saad 2.1 Introduction 33 2.2 Methodology 38 2.3 Results and Discussion 42 2.4 Conclusion 51 References 51 3 Tribological Behaviors of Glass Fiber with Fillers Reinforced Hybrid Polymer Composites 53T. P. Sathishkumar 3.1 Introduction 53 3.2 Wear and Mechanisms of Wear 54 3.2.1 Adhesion Wear 54 3.2.2 Abrasive Wear 54 3.3 Tribo Wear Test Methods 55 3.3.1 Wear and Friction Test Using Pin-on-disk 55 3.3.2 Wear and Friction Test Using Ball-on-disk 57 3.4 Tribo Characterization Hybrid Polymer Composites 57 3.4.1 Polyamide 6 and HDPE Glass Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Composites 57 3.4.2 Silicon Carbide, Graphite Particle, and Glass Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Composites 62 3.4.3 Case Study 67 3.5 Conclusion 69 References 70 4 Tribological Characterization of Jute/Glass Hybrid Composites 71Narayanan Venkateshwaran, Aziz Alavudeen, and Vajjiram Santhanam 4.1 Introduction 71 4.2 Materials and Method 72 4.3 Results and Discussion 74 4.4 Micrograph Analysis 77 4.5 Conclusions 79 References 80 5 Glass Fiber Hybrid Effects in Assessing the Abrasive Wear Mechanisms of Naturally Woven Fabric/Polymer Composites Under Dry Conditions 83Irulappasamy Siva, Manoharan Thirukumaran, Jebas T.W. Jappes, Bhimappa Suresha, Subramaniyan A. Kumar, and Buradagunta R. Sunil 5.1 Introduction 83 5.2 Experimental Details 84 5.2.1 Fiber and Matrix 84 5.2.2 Fiber Surface Treatment 84 5.2.3 Composite Fabrication 85 5.2.4 Mechanical Testing 85 5.2.5 Abrasive Wear Test 86 5.3 Results and Discussion 87 5.3.1 Mechanical Properties 87 5.3.2 Hardness (Shore-D) of Composites 88 5.3.3 Specific Wear Rate 88 5.4 Conclusion 93 Acknowledgement 94 References 94 6 Wear Properties of Acid and Silane Modified CNT Filled Hybrid Glass/ Kenaf Epoxy Composites 97Napisah Sapiai, Aidah Jumahat, and Jamaluddin Mahmud 6.1 Introduction 97 6.2 Methodology 99 6.2.1 Materials 99 6.2.2 Fabrication of Epoxy/Kenaf/Glass Fiber/CNT Composites 100 6.2.2.1 Acid Treatment and Silane Modification Process on CNT 100 6.2.2.2 Fabrication of the Composites 100 6.2.3 Abrasive Wear Test 100 6.2.4 Characterization of the Abraded Surface of the Composites 101 6.3 Results and Discussion 101 6.3.1 The Effect of Incorporating PCNT to Hybrid Glass/Kenaf Composites on the Wear Properties of the Composites 101 6.3.2 The Effect of Incorporating ACNT and SCNT to Glass/Kenaf Composite on the Wear Properties of the Composites 107 6.4 Conclusion 111 Acknowledgement 112 References 112 7 Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites as a Friction Material 115Patric D. Neis and Ney F. Ferreira 7.1 Friction Material Components 115 7.1.1 Friction Materials Requirements 116 7.1.2 Braking Test Procedures 117 7.2 Natural Fibers Used in Friction Materials Composites 118 References 135 8 Comparative Wear Model on Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites as Substitutions for UHMWPE Made Knee Implants 139Gusztav Fekete and Matyas Ando 8.1 Introduction 139 8.1.1 Basics of Reinforced Polymers, Composites, and Their Testing 139 8.1.2 Classification of Polymers 139 8.1.3 Classification of Composites 142 8.1.4 Basics of Tribo-testing 145 8.1.5 Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites and Their Possible Use in Total Knee Replacements (TKR) 147 8.2 Aims 148 8.3 Methods 149 8.3.1 Wear Modeling 149 8.3.2 Force Modeling for Wear Equation 150 8.3.3 Slide-Roll Modeling for Wear Equation 152 8.4 Results 157 8.5 Discussion 158 Acknowledgments 159 References 159 9 Fabrication and Tribological Behavior of Epoxy Hybrid Composites 163Bheemappa Suresha and Rajashekaraiah Hemanth 9.1 Introduction 163 9.1.1 Matrix Material 163 9.1.2 Reinforcements 164 9.1.2.1 Fiber Reinforcements 164 9.1.2.2 Particulate Reinforcements 166 9.1.3 Friction and Wear 167 9.2 Materials and Methods 168 9.2.1 Matrix Material 168 9.2.2 Reinforcement Materials 168 9.2.3 Particulate Fillers 169 9.2.3.1 Molybdenum Disulfide 170 9.2.3.2 Aluminum Oxide 170 9.2.4 Composite Fabrication 171 9.2.5 Dry Sliding Wear Test 172 9.2.6 Three-Body Abrasive Wear Test 174 9.3 Results and Discussion 176 9.3.1 Dry Sliding Wear Performance of Carbon-Epoxy Composites 176 9.3.1.1 Wear Volume Loss 176 9.3.1.2 Specific Wear Rate 179 9.3.1.3 Coefficient of Friction 181 9.3.1.4 Worn Surface Morphology 183 9.3.2 Abrasive Wear Performance 184 9.3.2.1 Abrasive Wear Volume Loss 184 9.3.2.2 Specific Wear Rate 186 9.3.2.3 Consequences of Factors on Wear Volume Loss 187 9.3.2.4 Worn Surface Morphology 188 9.4 Conclusions 192 References 193 10 Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Copper Based Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite 197Ponnambalam Balamurugan, Marimuthu Uthayakumar, and Sundaresan Thirumalai Kumaran 10.1 Introduction 197 10.2 Materials and Methods 200 10.2.1 Materials 200 10.2.2 Preparation of the Composite by Powder Metallurgy Process 201 10.2.3 Wear Studies 202 10.3 Results and Discussion 203 10.4 Conclusion 210 References 211 11 Morphological Examination of Worn out Surfaces of Basalt Fiber-PEI Composites with Varying Loading Conditions 215Kalimuthu Mayandi, Subramanian Karthikeyan, Nagarajan Rajini, and Azeez B. Alavudeen 11.1 Introduction 215 11.2 Materials Used 216 11.3 Fabrication of the Composite Materials 216 11.4 Testing of Composite Materials 217 11.4.1 Density Test 217 11.4.2 Hardness Test 217 11.4.3 Wear Test 217 11.5 Results and Discussion 218 11.5.1 Wear Performance of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composite 218 11.5.2 Morphological Analysis of Worn out Samples 221 11.6 Conclusions 223 References 225 Index 227
Responsibility: edited by Mohammad Jawaid, Rajini Nagarajan, Jacob Sukumaran, and Patrick De Baets.

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