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Terrorist use of cryptocurrencies : technical and organizational barriers and future threats

Author: Cynthia Dion-Schwarz; David Manheim; Patrick B Johnston; Rand Corporation,
Publisher: Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND Corporation, 2019. ©2019
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Given the key role of funding in supporting terrorist operations, counterterrorism finance (CTF) efforts often focus on tracking money and preventing financial transactions that might be used to support attacks and other terrorist activities. However, the success of these strategies in reducing terrorist access to official currencies has raised concerns that terrorist organizations might increase their use of such  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
(OCoLC)1090916137
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Cynthia Dion-Schwarz; David Manheim; Patrick B Johnston; Rand Corporation,
ISBN: 9781977402349 1977402348 9781977402554 1977402550
OCLC Number: 1091228236
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 80 pages)
Contents: Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Preface; Contents; Tables; Summary; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; CHAPTER ONE: Introduction; Focus of This Report; Methodology; Organization of This Report; CHAPTER TWO: How Terrorist Groups Use Money; Receipt; Management and Transfer; Spending; Terrorist Organizations' Current and Future Needs for Cryptocurrency; Conclusion; CHAPTER THREE: Limitations of Current Cryptocurrency Systems for Terrorist Use; Anonymity; Usability; Security; Acceptance; Reliability; Volume; Implications of the Properties of Cryptocurrencies; Conclusion CHAPTER FOUR: Cyberattacks on CryptocurrencyClassification of Attacks Against Cryptocurrency Use; Usefulness of Different Attack Types Against Terrorist Organizations; Differences in Vulnerabilities for More Sophisticated Cryptocurrencies; Conclusion; CHAPTER FIVE: Future Viability of Cryptocurrencies; Factors Increasing the Viability of Cryptocurrency Use; Factors Decreasing the Viability of Cryptocurrency Use; Conclusion; CHAPTER SIX: Conclusions; APPENDIX: Cryptocurrencies: A Short Primer; Bibliography
Responsibility: Cynthia Dion-Schwarz, David Manheim, Patrick B. Johnston.

Abstract:

Given the key role of funding in supporting terrorist operations, counterterrorism finance (CTF) efforts often focus on tracking money and preventing financial transactions that might be used to support attacks and other terrorist activities. However, the success of these strategies in reducing terrorist access to official currencies has raised concerns that terrorist organizations might increase their use of such digital cryptocurrencies as Bitcoin to support their activities. Current cryptocurrencies are not well matched with the totality of features that would be needed and desirable to terrorist groups but might be employed for selected financial activities. The authors' research shows that, should a single cryptocurrency emerge that provides widespread adoption, better anonymity, improved security, and that is subject to lax or inconsistent regulation, then the potential utility of this cryptocurrency, as well as the potential for its use by terrorist organizations, would increase. Regulation and oversight of cryptocurrencies, along with international cooperation between law enforcement and the intelligence community, would be important steps to prevent terrorist organizations from using cryptocurrencies to support their activities.

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