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The theory of knowledge : classical and contemporary readings

Author: Louis P Pojman
Publisher: Australia ; Belmont, CA : Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, ©2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
A collection of essays written by educational philosophers throughout history analyzing the human capacity to learn.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Louis P Pojman
ISBN: 0534558224 9780534558222
OCLC Number: 56482139
Description: viii, 614 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: pt. I. General introduction: The theory of knowledge. What can we know? appearance and reality / Bertrand Russell --
The problem of the criterion / Roderick M. Chisholm. pt. 2. Skepticism. tGlobal skepticism and the quest for certainty (meditations 1 through 4) / Rene Descartes --
Skepticism regarding the senses / David Hume --
A defense of common sense / G.E. Moore --
Why NOT SKEpticism? / Keith Lehrer --
Two types of knowledge / Norman Malcolm. pt. 3. Perception: our knowledge of the external world. A representational theory of perception / John Locke --
An Idealist theory of knowledge / George Berkeley --
Science and the physical world: a defense of Phenomenalism / W.T. Stace --
Phenomenalism: its grounds and Difficulties / C.H. Whiteley --
A commonsense defense of direct realism / Thomas Reid --
A defense of representationalism / Bertrand Russell. pt. 4. The analysis of knowledge. Is justified true belief knowledge? / Edmund L. Gettier --
An alleged defect in Gettier counter-examples / Richard Feldman --
A causal theory of knowing / Alvin I. Goldman --
Knowledge: undefeated justified true belief / Keith Lehrer and Thomas D. Paxson, Jr. --
Discrimination and perceptual knowledge / Alvin I. Goldman. pt. 5. . Theories of justification (I): foundationalism and coherentism. Contemporary classical foundationalism / Roderick Chisholm --
Contemporary modest Foundationalism / Robert Audi --
A critique of foundationalism / Laurence BonJour --
A defense of classical foundationalism / Timothy McGrew --
A defense of coherentism / Jonathan Dancy --
A critique of coherentism / Richard Fumerton --
The raft and the pyramid: coherence versus foundations in the theory of knowledge / Ernest Sosa --
A foundherentist theory of empirical justification /$rSusan Haack --
A contextual theory of epistemic justification / David Annis. pt. 6. Theories of justification (II): externalism and internalism. Reliabilism: what is justified belief? / Alvin I. Goldman --
A critique of externalism / Keith Lehrer --
Epistemology naturalized / W.V. Quine --
The generality problem for reliabilism / Earl Conee and Richard Feldman --
A defense of internalism / Matthias Steup --
Naturalistic epistemology and its critics / Hilary Kornblith --
Elusive knowledge / David Lewis --
Virtues in epistemology / John Greco. pt. 7. A priori knowledge. A priori knowledge / Immanuel Kant --
An empiricist critique of a priori knowledge / A.J. Ayer --
In defense of a priori knowledge / A.C. Ewing --
Two dogmas of Empiricism / W.V. Quine --
In defense of a dogma / H.P. Grice and Peter F. Strawson --
Truths of reason / Roderick Chisholm --
A priori knowledge, necessity, and contingency / Saul A. Kripke. pt. 8. The justification of induction. The problem of induction / David Hume --
On induction / Bertrand Russell --tWill the future be like the past? / Frederick L. Will --
The pragmatic justification of induction / Hans Reichenbach --
Dissolving the problem of induction / Peter F. Strawson --
The new riddle of induction / Nelson Goodman. pt. 9. Scientific Method, justification, and the demarcation problem. The verification method and the elimination of metaphysics / A.J. Ayer --
The scientific method of hypothesis testing / Carl Hempel --
Science: conjectures and refutations / Karl Popper --
Science and pseudoscience / Imre Lakatos --
Science as myth / Paul Feyerabend. Pt . 10. The ethics of belief. Of enthusiasm / John Locke --
The ethics of belief / W.K. Clifford --
The WILL TO Believe / William James --
What ought we to believe? / Jack Meiland --
Belief, willing, and the ethics of Belief / Louis P. Pojman. pt. 11. Challenges and alternatives to contemporary epistemology. Is the sex of the knower epistemologically significant? / Lorraine Code --
Feminist epistemology as a local epistemology / Helen E. Longino --
Knowledge and propaganda: reflections of an old feminist / Susan Haack --
Dismantling truth: solidarity versus objectivity / Richard Rorty --
A defense of objectivity / Margarita Rosa Levin --
Epistemology without a knowing subject /rKarl Popper.
Responsibility: Louis P. Pojman.
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Abstract:

This is an up-to-date and comprehensive reader in knowledge theory. Containing 63 readings, the text is organized into 11 parts outlining the subjects central to contemporary epistemology.  Read more...

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1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION: THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE. Introduction. 1. Bertrand Russell, What Can We Know? Appearances and Reality. 2. Roderick Chisholm, The Problem of the Criterion. 2. SKEPTICISM. Read more...

 
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