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Theory of the Consumption Function

Author: Milton Friedman
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, [2018] ©1957
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : Government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
What is the exact nature of the consumption function? Can this term be defined so that it will be consistent with empirical evidence and a valid instrument in the hands of future economic researchers and policy makers? In this volume a distinguished American economist presents a new theory of the consumption function, tests it against extensive statistical J material and suggests some of its significant  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Milton Friedman
ISBN: 9780691188485 0691188483
OCLC Number: 1076407049
Language Note: In English.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Frontmatter --
Preface --
Contents --
List of Tables --
I. Introduction --
II. The Implications of the Pure Theory of Consumer Behavior --
III. The Permanent Income Hypothesis --
IV. Consistency of the Permanent Income Hypothesis with Existing Evidence on the Relation between Consumption and Income : Budget Studies --
V. Consistency of the Permanent Income Hypothesis with Existing Evidence on the Relation between Consumption and Income: Time Series Data --
VI. The Relation Between the Permanent Income and Relative Income Hypotheses --
VII. Evidence from Income Data on the Relative Importance of Permanent and Transitory Components of Income --
VIII. A Miscellany --
IX. Summary and Conclusion --
Index
Responsibility: Milton Friedman.
More information:

Abstract:

What is the exact nature of the consumption function? Can this term be defined so that it will be consistent with empirical evidence and a valid instrument in the hands of future economic researchers and policy makers? In this volume a distinguished American economist presents a new theory of the consumption function, tests it against extensive statistical J material and suggests some of its significant implications. Central to the new theory is its sharp distinction between two concepts of income, measured income, or that which is recorded for a particular period, and permanent income, a longer-period concept in terms of which consumers decide how much to spend and how much to save. Milton Friedman suggests that the total amount spent on consumption is on the average the same fraction of permanent income, regardless of the size of permanent income. The magnitude of the fraction depends on variables such as interest rate, degree of uncertainty relating to occupation, ratio of wealth to income, family size, and so on. The hypothesis is shown to be consistent with budget studies and time series data, and some of its far-reaching implications are explored in the final chapter.

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