Torture and democracy (Book, 2007) [WorldCat.org]
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Torture and democracy

Author: Darius M Rejali
Publisher: Prinecton ; Oxford : Prinecton University Press, cop. 2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Traces the development and application of various torture techniques. This book argues that as the twentieth century progressed, democracies not only tortured, but set the international pace for  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Darius M Rejali
ISBN: 9780691114224 0691114226
OCLC Number: 751221675
Awards: Winner of Institute for the Study of Genocide Lemkin Award 2009
Winner of American Political Science Association: Human Rights Award 2008
Description: XIII, [3], 849 s. ; 24 cm
Contents: Preface xv Acknowledgments xix Introduction 1 Historical Claims 3 Puzzles and Cautions 5 The Priority of Public Monitoring 8 Variations among States 11 Variations within States 15 National Styles of Stealth Torture 16 Torture and Democracy 21 Does Torture Work? 23 Who Cares? 25 Part I: Torture and Democracy 33 Chapter 1: Modern Torture and Its Observers 35 Defining Torture 36 Monitoring Torture 39 Chapter 2: Torture and Democracy 45 The National Security Model 46 The Juridical Model 49 The Civic Discipline Model 55 Hell Is in the Details 60 Part II: Remembering Stalinism and Nazism 65 Introduction 67 Chapter 3: Lights, Heat, and Sweat 69 Sweating and Stealth in America 70 British Psychological Techniques 74 Interrogation Elsewhere in Europe 76 Sweating and Stealth in Russia 79 The Spread of the Russian Style 83 Remembering Pavlov 87 Chapter 4: Whips and Water 91 Labussie're's List 92 Documenting Nazi Torture 93 Torture in Germany 95 Torture in Nazi-Occupied Europe 97 Remembering the War 104 Chapter 5: Bathtubs 108 Masuy's Bathtub 109 Marty's Magneto 111 The French Gestapo and Electric Torture 112 The Decline of Sweating and Stealth 115 The German Gestapo and Modern Torture 117 Remembering Nuremberg 117 The Search for Electric Torture 118 Part III: A History of Electric Stealth 121 Chapter 6: Shock 123 The AC/DC Controversy and the Electric Chair 124 The Mystery of Electric Death 126 Early Police Devices 128 The Mystery of Shock 132 Early Medical Devices 135 Transmitting Shock 138 Later Medical Devices 139 Remembering the Animals 141 Chapter 7: Magnetos 144 What Is a Magneto? 145 Indochina, 1931 146 Out of Indochina 149 Korea, 1931 150 Out of Korea 152 The Lost History of the Magneto 155 French and British Electrotorture after World War II 157 The Colonial Police and Wuillaume's List 160 The Triumph of the Gei ge'ne 161 Algeria, 1960 163 Remembering the Gestapo 165 Chapter 8: Currents 167 South Vietnamese Torture 170 Vietnam, 1968 172 Bell Telephone Hour 174 Out of Vietnam Again 178 Variation within the French Style 183 Cattle Prods 185 The Electric Cornucopia 186 Remembering Vietnam 188 Chapter 9: Singing the World Electric 190 When Electrotorture Was New 190 Explaining Clean Electrotorture 194 Crafting Electrotorture 197 Surging Forward 201 The Americas 203 Middle East and North Africa 207 Asia 209 Sub-Saharan Africa 211 Europe and Central Asia 214 Explaining the Surge 216 Remembering the Cold War 222 Chapter 10: Prods, Tasers, and Stun Guns 225 Electric Utopia 225 Electric-Free Protest 227 Stun Technology 229 Covering America 230 Remembering Eutopia 237 Chapter 11: Stun City 239 Magneto Torture in Chicago 240 Stun and Torture 242 Tasers and Torture 245 Burning Issues 248 Stun and Democracy 249 But No One Died 252 Civic Shock 253 Welcome to Stun City 255 Part IV: Other Stealth Traditions 259 Introduction 261 Chapter 12: Sticks and Bones 269 Clean Whipping 269 Paddles 271 Beating Feet 273 Remembering Slaves and Sailors 277 Chapter 13: Water, Sleep, and Spice 279 Pumping 280 Choking 281 Showers and Ice 285 Salt and Spice 287 Deprivation of Sleep 290 Remembering the Inquisition 292 Chapter 14: Stress and Duress 294 Great and Lesser Stress Traditions 295 British Stress Tortures 296 French Stress Tortures 301 American Stress Tortures 306 Authoritarian Adaptations 311 Remembering the Eighteenth Century 314 Chapter 15: Forced Standing and Other Positions 316 Old Users after the War 317 Positional Tortures in the Communist World 322 Positional Tortures in the Non-Communist World 324 The Universal Distributor Hypothesis Revisited 329 Remembering the Hooded Men 332 Chapter 16: Fists and Exercises 334 Clean Beating 335 Adapting "the Necktie" 341 Exhaustion Exercises 342 Remembering the Grunts and the Cops 345 Chapter 17: Old and New Restraints 347 Bucking (the Parrot's Perch) 347 The Crapaudine 349 Standing Handcuffs 350 Sweatboxes 351 Adapting Old Restraints 353 The Shabeh 354 Remembering the Allied POWs 357 Chapter 18: Noise 360 Low-Technology Noise 360 High-Technology Noise 363 The CIA and Sensory Deprivation Boxes 368 Beyond the Laboratory 371 Principles and Guinea Pigs 373 Remembering Evil 384 Chapter 19: Drugs and Doctors 385 Police and Drugs 386 The CIA and Drugs 388 The Decline of Pharmacological Torture 390 Soviet Pharmacological Torture 392 Communist Pyschoprisons 394 Lines of Defense 397 Remembering the Prison Doctors 401 V Politics and Memory 403 Chapter 20: Supply and Demand for Clean Torture 405 Historical Claims 406 The Priority of Public Monitoring 409 Variations among and within States 414 National Styles of Stealth Torture 419 The Strength of Low Technology 423 The Power of Whispers 426 Why Styles Change 434 Disciplinary Interventions 439 The Demand for Torture 444 Chapter 21: Does Torture Work? 446 Can Torture Be Scientific? 447 Can Torture Be Restrained? 450 Does Technology Help? 453 Can Torture Be Professionally Conducted? 454 Works Better Than What? 458 Is Anything Better Than Nothing? 460 How Well Do Interrogators Spot the Truth? 463 How Well Do Cooperative Prisoners Remember? 466 How Good Is the Intelligence Overall? 469 Even When Time Is Short? 474 Remembering the Questions 478 Chapter 22: What the Apologists Say 480 Remembering the Battle of Algiers 481 Information in the Battle of Algiers 482 French Interrogation Units 485 Coerced Information in the Algerian War 487 Saving Innocents, Losing Wars 492 Gestapo Stories 493 Stories from the Resistance 495 CIA Stories 500 The Interrogation of Al Qaeda 503 Abu Ghraib and Guantai namo 508 Afghanistan 511 Testimonial Literature from Other Conflicts 513 Remembering Abu Ghraib 518 Chapter 23: Why Governments Don't Learn 519 How Knowledge Does Not Accumulate 520 How Knowledge Is Not Analyzed 521 How Torture Warrants Might Help 523 Regulating Torture 526 Variations in Regulative Failure 529 Stealth and the Regulation of Torture 532 How Knowledge Does Not Matter 533 Remembering the Soldiers 535 Chapter 24: The Great Age of Torture in Modern Memory 537 The Great Rift 538 The Architecture of Amnesia 540 The Designs of Genius 542 Demons in the City 543 Algerian Souvenirs 545 Caring for the Memories 550 Appendixes A: A List of Clean Tortures 553 B: Issues of Method 557 C: Organization and Explanations 566 D: A Note on Sources for American Torture during the Vietnam War 581 Notes 593 Selected Bibliography 781 Index 819
Responsibility: Darius Rejali.

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Rejali's approach is to track the different behaviors, trends and traditions in torture throughout history to see who influenced whom and what they did...Rejali, a leading expert on government Read more...

 
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