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The Tower of the Winds in Athens : Greeks, Romans, Christians, and Muslims : two millennia of continual use

Author: Pamela A Webb
Publisher: [Philadelphia, PA] : American Philosophical Society Press, 2017. ©2017
Series: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 270.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The Tower of the Winds has stood in the shadow of the Acropolis in Athens for more than 2,100 years. This tall octagonal building, which is one of the best preserved monuments from the classical period, is discussed by the ancient authors Vitruvius and Varro. their documents reveal it was built by the architect-astronomer Andronikos of Kyrrhos and that it functioned as a horologion (a term that was applied both to  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Pamela A Webb
ISBN: 9780871692702 0871692708
OCLC Number: 989811442
Awards: John Frederick Lewis Award, 2016.
Description: xviii, 172 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), map ; 29 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
The Hellenistic and Roman Tower --
The Christian Tower --
The Muslim Tower --
Conclusions.
Series Title: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 270.
Responsibility: Pamela A. Webb.

Abstract:

The Tower of the Winds has stood in the shadow of the Acropolis in Athens for more than 2,100 years. This tall octagonal building, which is one of the best preserved monuments from the classical period, is discussed by the ancient authors Vitruvius and Varro. their documents reveal it was built by the architect-astronomer Andronikos of Kyrrhos and that it functioned as a horologion (a term that was applied both to sundials and water clocks). As one of the rare examples of material evidence from the realm of classical science, the monument has been analyzed previously almost entirely in regards to its form and function in the second and first centuries BC. Consequently, almost all of its features have been attributed to the period of construction by the Greeks or renovations made by the Romans. The building, however, was in use almost continuously for two millennia, which includes Byzantine and Ottoman phases. Webb examines the Tower throughout its entire functional existence, expanding on the earlier research and exploring its use by Christians (as a martyrium for one of the Apostles) and by Muslim whirling dervishes (who may have continued to honor the Christian cult). The large number of drawings and photographs (most in color) illustrate the analyses of every aspect of the physical remains and the history of the monument.

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