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Training Disadvantaged Youth in Latin America : Evidence from a Randomized Trial

Author: Orazio Attanasio; Adriana Kugler; Costas Meghir
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. National Bureau of Economic Research 2008.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w13931.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Youth unemployment in Latin America is exceptionally high, as much as 50% among the poor. Vocational training may be the best chance to help unemployed young people at the bottom of the income distribution. This paper evaluates the impact of a randomized training program for disadvantaged youth introduced in Colombia in 2005 on the employment and earnings of trainees. This is one of a couple of randomized training  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Orazio Attanasio; Adriana Kugler; Costas Meghir
OCLC Number: 1027342496
Notes: April 2008.
Description: 1 online resource.
Details: Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w13931.
Responsibility: Orazio Attanasio, Adriana Kugler, Costas Meghir.

Abstract:

Youth unemployment in Latin America is exceptionally high, as much as 50% among the poor. Vocational training may be the best chance to help unemployed young people at the bottom of the income distribution. This paper evaluates the impact of a randomized training program for disadvantaged youth introduced in Colombia in 2005 on the employment and earnings of trainees. This is one of a couple of randomized training trials conducted in developing countries and, thus, offers a unique opportunity to examine the causal impact of training in a developing country context. We use originally collected data on individuals randomly offered and not offered training. We find that the program raises earnings and employment for both men and women, with larger effects on women. Women offered training earn about 18% more than those not offered training, while men offered training earn about 8% more than men not offered training. Much of the earnings increases for both men and women are related to increased employment in formal sector jobs following training. The benefits of training are greater when individuals spend more time doing on-the-job training, while hours of training in the classroom have no impact on the returns to training. Cost-benefit analysis of these results suggests that the program generates a large net gain, especially for women.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027342496<\/a>> # Training Disadvantaged Youth in Latin America Evidence from a Randomized Trial<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"1027342496<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/occupational_training_economic_aspects<\/a>> ; # Occupational training--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/vocational_education_economic_aspects_latin_america<\/a>> ; # Vocational education--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/vocational_education_economic_aspects<\/a>> ; # Vocational education--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/j24_human_capital_skills_occupational_choice_labor_productivity<\/a>> ; # J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/youth_employment_latin_america<\/a>> ; # Youth--Employment--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/c21_cross_sectional_models_spatial_models_treatment_effect_models_quantile_regressions<\/a>> ; # C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Place\/latin_america<\/a>> ; # Latin America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/i38_government_policy_provision_and_effects_of_welfare_programs<\/a>> ; # I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/youth_employment<\/a>> ; # Youth--Employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/occupational_training_economic_aspects_latin_america<\/a>> ; # Occupational training--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/kugler_adriana<\/a>> ; # Adriana Kugler<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/meghir_costas<\/a>> ; # Costas Meghir<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/attanasio_orazio<\/a>> ; # Orazio Attanasio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2008<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Youth unemployment in Latin America is exceptionally high, as much as 50% among the poor. Vocational training may be the best chance to help unemployed young people at the bottom of the income distribution. This paper evaluates the impact of a randomized training program for disadvantaged youth introduced in Colombia in 2005 on the employment and earnings of trainees. This is one of a couple of randomized training trials conducted in developing countries and, thus, offers a unique opportunity to examine the causal impact of training in a developing country context. We use originally collected data on individuals randomly offered and not offered training. We find that the program raises earnings and employment for both men and women, with larger effects on women. Women offered training earn about 18% more than those not offered training, while men offered training earn about 8% more than men not offered training. Much of the earnings increases for both men and women are related to increased employment in formal sector jobs following training. The benefits of training are greater when individuals spend more time doing on-the-job training, while hours of training in the classroom have no impact on the returns to training. 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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/attanasio_orazio<\/a>> # Orazio Attanasio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Attanasio<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Orazio<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Orazio Attanasio<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/kugler_adriana<\/a>> # Adriana Kugler<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Kugler<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Adriana<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Adriana Kugler<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Person\/meghir_costas<\/a>> # Costas Meghir<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Meghir<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Costas<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Costas Meghir<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Place\/latin_america<\/a>> # Latin America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Latin America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Series\/nber_working_paper_series<\/a>> # NBER working paper series<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027342496<\/a>> ; # Training Disadvantaged Youth in Latin America Evidence from a Randomized Trial<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"NBER working paper series<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/c21_cross_sectional_models_spatial_models_treatment_effect_models_quantile_regressions<\/a>> # C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/i38_government_policy_provision_and_effects_of_welfare_programs<\/a>> # I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/j24_human_capital_skills_occupational_choice_labor_productivity<\/a>> # J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/occupational_training_economic_aspects<\/a>> # Occupational training--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Occupational training--Economic aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/occupational_training_economic_aspects_latin_america<\/a>> # Occupational training--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Occupational training--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/vocational_education_economic_aspects<\/a>> # Vocational education--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Vocational education--Economic aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/vocational_education_economic_aspects_latin_america<\/a>> # Vocational education--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Vocational education--Economic aspects--Latin America<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/youth_employment<\/a>> # Youth--Employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Youth--Employment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/229524966#Topic\/youth_employment_latin_america<\/a>> # Youth--Employment--Latin America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Youth--Employment--Latin America<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n