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The transmission of the Pyramid Texts of Nut : analysis of their distribution and role in the Old and Middle Kingdoms

Author: Antonio J Morales
Publisher: Hamburg : Helmut Buske Verlag, 2017
Dissertation: Texte remanié de: Thèse de doctorat: Égyptologie: University of Pennsylvania: 2012
Series: Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur., Beihefte ;, Bd. 19
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
La 4ème de couverture indique : "This is the first treatment of Pyramid Texts dealing with the protection of the deceased by the goddess Nut and his safe journey to the afterlife. The use of these texts is considered in connection with the rituals performed during the hour-vigil in the night previous to the burial, and explores the transmission of the texts from the Old Kingdom to the Greco-Roman times, taking into
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Details

Named Person: Nut, Göttin
Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Antonio J Morales
ISBN: 9783875488197 3875488199
OCLC Number: 993037811
Description: xxiv, 263 Seiten
Series Title: Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur., Beihefte ;, Bd. 19
Responsibility: Antonio J. Morales

Abstract:

La 4ème de couverture indique : "This is the first treatment of Pyramid Texts dealing with the protection of the deceased by the goddess Nut and his safe journey to the afterlife. The use of these texts is considered in connection with the rituals performed during the hour-vigil in the night previous to the burial, and explores the transmission of the texts from the Old Kingdom to the Greco-Roman times, taking into account the latest examples in the ptolemaic temples of Dendera, Edfu, and Philae. In order to achieve the most complete assessment, this study develops an innovative interdisciplinary framework drawing not only on traditional methods of textual criticism and stemmatics, but also on analytical notions on context, meaning, and uses from the New Philology. It also presents a comprehensive and profound analysis of the phylogenetic relationships between sources and the intellectual and cultural mechanisms that played a major role in the manuscript dissemination."

This dissertation focuses on the dissemination and use of texts originally used in royal pyramids during the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom. As late as the reign of Unas (ca. 2375-2345 BCE), the prominent priesthood at Memphis undertook the task of fixing these recitations into writing so that they could be transferred onto the walls of the pyramids and thus benefit the deceased king.

At the end of the Old Kingdom, however, these texts began appearing in the tombs and coffins of high-status officials and priests of the provinces, who soon integrated these time-honored texts into their ritual practices tertation addresses the literary and textual aspects of this process of transmission, focusing on the scribal mechanisms for adapting the royal texts of Memphis to the smaller venues of non-royal tombs and coffins, and the theological speculative movements that transformed the compositions in accordance with local beliefs and ritual practices. It also deals with the transmission of the series of Pyramid Texts of Nut by examining its textual variations (errors and differences) and genealogical relationships. In addition, it focuses on questions of social inequality, access to royal privileges and the transformation of Egyptian society in the third and second millennia BCE.

The conclusions of my research demonstrate that the transmission of mortuary literature in the Old and Middle Kingdom operated as an uninterrupted cultural phenomenon that encompassed coexisting streams of transmission and two major bodies of compositions, Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts. In addition, the study validates the degree of adaptability of the Pyramid Texts, a corpus whose heterogeneous characteristics allowed priests and scribes to adapt tradition to new settings by re-arranging texts, preparing new versions, and combining them with novel compositions. This dissertation challenges Egyptology's monolithic understanding of the mortuary texts

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