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Treatise on basic philosophy / Vol. 8, Ethics : the good and the right.

Author: Mario Bunge
Publisher: Dordrecht : Reidel, 1989.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Publication:Treatise on basic philosophy
Summary:

The purpose of this Introduction is to sketch our approach to the study of value, morality and action, and to show the place we assign it in the system of human knowledge.

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Details

Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Mario Bunge
ISBN: 9027728399 9789027728395 9027728402 9789027728401
OCLC Number: 769353162
Description: XV, 427 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Contents: of Ethics.- 1. Value, Morality and Action: Fact, Theory, and Metatheory.- 2. Basic Schema of Values, Norms and Actions.- 3. Relations between Axiology, Ethics and Action Theory.- 4. The Task.- I Values.- 1. Roots of Values.- 1. Nature and Kinds of Value.- 1.1 Nature of Value.- 1.2 Kinds of Value.- 1.3 Summary.- 2. Value Sources.- 2.1 Biovalue.- 2.2 Psychovalue.- 2.3 Sociovalue.- 2.4 Summary.- 3. Needs, Wants, and Values.- 3.1 Basic Needs and Legitimate Wants.- 3.2 Values.- 3.3 Value Categories and Orders.- 3.4 Summary.- 2. Welfare.- 1. Welfare and Happiness.- 1.1 From Bentham to Decision Theory.- 1.2 Definitions.- 1.3 Postulates.- 1.4 Social Welfare.- 1.5 Summary.- 2. Value Conflict and Change.- 2.1 Value Conflict.- 2.2 Ideals.- 2.3 The Summum Bonum.- 2.4 Summary.- 3. Value Theory.- 1. Analysis.- 1.1 Intrinsic and Instrumental.- 1.2 Absolute and Relative.- 1.3 Objective and Subjective.- 1.4 Individual and Social.- 1.5 Fact and Value.- 1.6 Summary.- 2. Value and Knowledge.- 2.1 Semantic and Epistemological Status.- 2.2 Values and Science.- 2.3 Values and Technology.- 2.4 Summary.- 3. Value Measures and Calculi.- 3.1 Objective Value of a Generic Item.- 3.2 Objective Value of Systems and Processes.- 3.3 Subjective Value (Utility).- 3.4 Value Calculi.- 3.5 Summary.- II Morals.- 4. Roots of Morals.- 1. Rights and Duties.- 1.1 Right and Duty.- 1.2 Rights Imply Duties.- 1.3 Summary.- 2. Morals.- 2.1 Right and Wrong Actions.- 2.2 Moral Problems.- 2.3 Morals.- 2.4 Summary.- 3. Sources and Functions of Morals.- 3.1 Biological.- 3.2 Psychological.- 3.3 Social.- 3.4 Summary.- 5. Morality Changes.- 1. Development and Evolution.- 1.1 Nature and Nurture.- 1.2 Origin and Breakdown of Norms.- 1.3 Summary.- 2. The Human Condition.- 2.1 Human Nature.- 2.2 Competition.- 2.3 Cooperation.- 2.4 Summary.- 3. Morality Changes.- 3.1 Evolution of Mores and Morals.- 3.2 The Current Moral Crisis.- 3.3 Summary.- 6. Some Moral Issues.- 1. Private Morals.- 1.1 Three Moral Spheres.- 1.2 Life and Death.- 1.3 Virtue and Sin.- 1.4 Ten Virtues.- 1.5 Desert and Reward, Crime and Punishment.- 1.6 Summary.- 2. Public Morals.- 2.1 Human Survival Issues.- 2.2 Equality.- 2.3 Freedom.- 2.4 Justice.- 2.5 Democracy.- 2.6 Summary.- III Ethics.- 7. Types of Ethical Theory.- 1. Matters of Method.- 1.1 Religious and Secular Doctrines.- 1.2 Monism and Pluralism.- 1.3 Absolutism and Relativism.- 1.4 Objectivism and Subjectivism.- 1.5 Emotivism, Intuitionism and Cognitivism.- 1.6 Consequentialism and Deontologism.- 1.7 Individualism, Holism, Systemism.- 1.8 Conservatives and Reformists.- 1.9 Summary.- 2. Moral isms: Egoistic.- 2.1 Nihilism.- 2.2 Rational Egoism.- 2.3 Libertarianism.- 2.4 Contractualism.- 2.5 Negative Utilitarianism.- 2.6 Summary.- 3. Moral isms: Altruistic.- 3.1 Natural Law.- 3.2 Kant.- 3.3 Utilitarianism.- 3.4 Agathonism.- 3.5 Summary.- 8. Ethics Et Alia.- 1. Ethics and Knowledge.- 1.1 Ethics and Logic.- 1.2 Ethics and Epistemology.- 1.3 Ethics and Ontology.- 1.4 Ethics and Science.- 1.5 Ethics and Technology.- 1.6 Summary.- 2. Ethics and Action.- 2.1 Praxis and Ethics: Generalities.- 2.2 Bioethics.- 2.3 Nomoethics.- 2.4 Business Ethics.- 2.5 Political Ethics.- 2.6 Summary.- 9. Metaethics.- 1. Scientific and Philosophic Ethics.- 1.1 Ethics as Science and as Philosophy.- 1.2 Scientific and Axiological Basis.- 1.3 Constraints on Moral Norms.- 1.4 Norms and Normative Systems.- 1.5 Moral Reasoning.- 1.6 Summary.- 2. Ethics and Reality.- 2.1 The Is-Ought Gap.- 2.2 Moral Truth.- 2.3 Applying Ethics.- 2.4 Testing Ethics.- 2.5 Summary.- IV Action Theory.- 10. Action.- 1. Individual Action.- 1.1 Philosophical Underpinnings.- 1.2 Human Action.- 1.3 Goals, Means, and Plans.- 1.4 Work.- 1.5 Summary.- 2. Collective Action.- 2.1 Private and Public Interests.- 2.2 Social Policies and Plans.- 2.3 Cooperation and Competition.- 2.4 Competitive Cooperation.- 2.5 Management.- 2.6 Summary.- 11. Social Philosophy.- 1. Environmental.- 2. Biological.- 3. Economic.- 4. Political.- 5. Cultural.- 6. Summary.- 12 Values and Morals for a Viable Future.- 1. The Thirteen Horsemen of the Apocalypse.- 2. Old and New Values and Morals.- 3. A Survival and Development Morality.- 4. A Viable Social Order.- 5. Conclusion.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
Responsibility: Mario Bunge.

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