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Tribalism, ethnicity, and the state in Pakistani Baluchistan : the economics and politics of detribalization in an Urban setting

Author: Paul Brian Titus
Publisher: 1991.
Dissertation: Ph. D. University of California, Riverside 1991
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
At issue in this dissertation is the salience of tribal institutions and identities and that of ethnic or ethnic-nationalist ones among Baluch in Quetta, the capital of Pakistani Baluchistan. Some evidence indicates that tribes, the genealogically and territorially defined subunits of the Baluch, retain legitimacy and practical relevance in contemporary Baluchistan yet circumstances can readily move beyond the
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Genre/Form: Dissertations, Academic
Additional Physical Format: Titus, Paul Brian.
Tribalism, ethnicity, and the state in Pakistani Baluchistan : the economics and politics of detribalization in an Urban setting.
1991
(OCoLC)32369878
Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Paul Brian Titus
OCLC Number: 676953627
Notes: Includes abstract.
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [Ann Arbor, Mich.] : ProQuest, 2010. Mode of access: World Wide Web. Access restricted to subscribing institutions.
Description: xiv, 337 leaves : maps ; 28 cm
Responsibility: by Paul Brian Titus.

Abstract:

At issue in this dissertation is the salience of tribal institutions and identities and that of ethnic or ethnic-nationalist ones among Baluch in Quetta, the capital of Pakistani Baluchistan. Some evidence indicates that tribes, the genealogically and territorially defined subunits of the Baluch, retain legitimacy and practical relevance in contemporary Baluchistan yet circumstances can readily move beyond the confines of tribes to activate more inclusive loyalties. The major proposition underlying this dissertation is that economic and political changes caused by Baluchistan's integration into Pakistan are encouraging such broader identities. It therefore seeks to assess the strength or relevance of tribalism and other identities and levels of social organization in Quetta and to examine the economic and political contexts in which they take shape. It suggests that broader, more inclusive ethnic, national, and religious identities are replacing tribalism, and that while these identities may be conflicting, they are not necessarily exclusive. People can choose to act on the basis of different principles in different social contexts, and indeed family, tribe, ethnic group, nationality, religion, etc. can all be viewed as identities that are partially autonomous but also embedded within one another.

To explore these issues this dissertation examines the internal workings of Baluch society, and it examines Baluch in their interaction with other ethnic groups and political powers. It begins by laying out the ethnographic and historical background of Baluchistan including the relationship between the people of the area and those controlling the state of Pakistan. It also looks at the relationships between Baluch and the members of the other major ethnic group indigenous to northern Baluchistan, the Pushtun. Data on the economic and political activities of Baluch in Quetta are the basis of this study. The economic data comes mainly from an examination of inter-city bus transportation. A portrait of this part of Baluchistan's economy which has seen both ethnic cooperation and conflict is drawn using data obtained through participant observation, interviews, and a survey. The political data comes from two sources, a study of several of Quetta's self-defined social welfare organizations, and a study of the national and provincial elections of 1988 and the parties and personalities that took part in them.

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