"Typisch jüdisch" : die Stellung der Ev.-luth. Landeskirche Hannovers zu Antijudaismus, Judenfeindschaft und Antisemitismus 1919-1949 (Book, 1998) [WorldCat.org]
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"Typisch jüdisch" : die Stellung der Ev.-luth. Landeskirche Hannovers zu Antijudaismus, Judenfeindschaft und Antisemitismus 1919-1949

Author: Gerhard Lindemann
Publisher: Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, ©1998.
Series: Schriftenreihe der Gesellschaft für Deutschlandforschung e.V., Bd. 63.
Edition/Format:   Print book : GermanView all editions and formats
Summary:
Even before 1933, the heads of the Hannover Lutheran Church were conservative and antisemitic. A minority, influenced by Barth, fought antisemitism. In the early 1920s, the Church tolerated the antisemitic activities of Pastor Münchmeyer on the resort island of Borkum. Under the Nazis, the Hannover Church remained affiliated with the Confessing Church; but its head, Bishop August Marahrens, sympathized with Nazi  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Church history
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Gerhard Lindemann
ISBN: 3428093127 9783428093120
OCLC Number: 40607224
Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Universität Heidelberg, 1997.
Description: 1037 pages ; 24 cm.
Series Title: Schriftenreihe der Gesellschaft für Deutschlandforschung e.V., Bd. 63.
Responsibility: von Gerhard Lindemann.

Abstract:

Even before 1933, the heads of the Hannover Lutheran Church were conservative and antisemitic. A minority, influenced by Barth, fought antisemitism. In the early 1920s, the Church tolerated the antisemitic activities of Pastor Münchmeyer on the resort island of Borkum. Under the Nazis, the Hannover Church remained affiliated with the Confessing Church; but its head, Bishop August Marahrens, sympathized with Nazi ideology and held to the Lutheran "two-realms" doctrine. He did not protest against antisemitic measures or the "Kristallnacht" pogrom, and gave no effective backing to the four ministers of part-Jewish descent who were forced to retire. (The Hannover Church did not adopt an "Aryan paragraph" but rather a regulation enabling it to remove clergy whose positions had become "untenable".) An "Aryan" pastor who aroused the wrath of local Nazis by his pro-Jewish stance was transferred to a remote rural parish. The majority of parishioners stood up for their pastors but were ignored by the Church. In December 1941 the Church excluded "non-Aryans" from worship with "Aryans". After the war, only one of the retired ministers was reinstated, and only after a struggle. Suggests that the Church would have seen any restitution for its "non-Aryan" members as a confession that it had done wrong. But Marahrens was forced to retire in 1947.

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