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Ultraviolet light in human health, diseases and environment

Author: Shamim I Ahmad
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2017] ©2017
Series: Advances in experimental medicine and biology, v. 996.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book is about the roles and importance of Ultraviolet (UV) light from sun and from man-made UV lamps in our daily life, on health and diseases, also its application in sterilization and treatment. The key words are: reactive oxygen species, DNA damage, UV mutagenicity, skin cancers, polymorphous light eruption, Xeroderma pigmentosum, vitiligo, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, metabolic  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Ultraviolet light in human health, diseases and environment.
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2017]
(DLC) 2017954385
(OCoLC)973920144
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Shamim I Ahmad
ISBN: 9783319560175 3319560174
OCLC Number: 1012343419
Description: 1 online resource (xxiv, 365 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents: Part 1. Introduction, historical aspects and sources of UV light. History of UV lamps, types, and their applications / Shamim I. Ahmad, Luisa Christensen, and Elma Baron --
Part 2. UV photoproducts, damage to DNA and mutagenesis. Ultraviolet light induced generation fo reactive oxygen species / T.L. de Jager, A.E. Cockrell, and S.S. Du Plessis --
Part 3. UV light and human diseases. UV-induced molecular signaling differences in melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer / Feng Liu-Smith, Jinjing Jia, and Yan Zheng --
Xeroderma Pigmentosa Group A (XPA), nucleotide excision repair and regulation by ATR in response to ultraviolet irradiation / Phillip R. Musich, Zhengke Li, and Yue Zhou --
Impact of ultraviolet light on vitiligo / Rasnik K. Singh --
Polymorphous light eruption / Marcella Guarrera --
Ultraviolet radiations: skin defense-damage mechanism / Dheeraj Mohania [and 8 others] --
Ultraviolet photobiology in dermatology / Luisa Christensen, Amanda Suggs, and Elma Baron --
Ultraviolet A-1 in dermatological diseases / Torello M. Lotti and Serena Gianfaldoni --
Photodermatoses in the pigmented skin / Vinod Kumar Sharma and Kanika Sahni --
Psycho-neuro-endocrine-immunology: a psychobiological concept / Katlein França and Torello M. Lotti --
Part 4. UV light benefits to man. Ultraviolet B radiation: the vitamin D connection / Michael F. Holick --
Role of vitamin D in rheumatoid arthritis / Mattia Bellan, Pier Paolo Sainaghi, and Mario Pirisi --
Asthma and allergy "epidemic" and the role of vitamin D deficiency / Konstantinos Douros, BarbarBoutopoulou, Sotirios Fouzas, and Ionna Loukou --
Vitamin D metabolism and the implications for atherosclerosis / Amanda L. Bennett and Carl J. Lavie --
Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus / Claire Michael Issa --
Impact of UV radiation on genome stability and human health / Sijit Roy --
Vitamin D, cardiovascular disease and risk factors / Tea Skaaby, Betina H. Thuesen, and Allan Linneberg --
Part 5. UV light in sterilization. Biofilms: microbial strategies for surviving UV exposure / Carla C.C.R. de Carvalho --
UV induced mutagenicity in water: causes, detection, identification and prevention / Roberta (C.H.M.) Hofman-Caris --
Role of ultraviolet disinfection in the prevention of surgical site infections / Sarah Simmons [and 4 others] --
UV disinfection of wastewater and combined sewer overflows / John Gibson, Jennifer Drake, and Bryan Karney --
Part 6. UV light in phototherapy. Phototherapy in atopic dermatitis / José María Ortiz-Salvador and Amparo Pérez-Ferriols --
Phototherapy of psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease / Emöke Rácz and Errol P. Prens --
Ultraviolet irradiation of blood: "the cure that time forgot"? / Michael R. Hamblin --
From UV protection to protection in the whole spectral range of the solar radiation: new apsects of sunscreen development / Leonhard Zastrow [and 4 others] --
Safety and efficacy of phototherapy in the management of eczema / Annalisa Patrizi, Beatrice Raone, and Giulia Maria Ravaioli --
Part 7. Tanning saloon. UV driven tanning salons: danger on Main Street / Jean-François Doré and Marie-Christine Chignol --
Part 8. UV dosimeters. Dose quantifications in UV phototherapy / David Robert Grimes --
Index.
Series Title: Advances in experimental medicine and biology, v. 996.
Responsibility: Shamim I. Ahmad, editor.

Abstract:

This book is about the roles and importance of Ultraviolet (UV) light from sun and from man-made UV lamps in our daily life, on health and diseases, also its application in sterilization and treatment. The key words are: reactive oxygen species, DNA damage, UV mutagenicity, skin cancers, polymorphous light eruption, Xeroderma pigmentosum, vitiligo, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndromes, cardiovascular diseases, dermatology, photobiology, photodermatosis, vitamin D synthesis, vitamin D efficiency, water sterilization, blood sterilization, phototherapies, skin tanning and UV dosimeter. The book starts with introduction to UV light and the history of development of UV lamps and its applications. It then moves to describing the interaction of this light with biological components and the production of reactive oxygen species, their roles in cell signaling, cellular defense from foreign invaders, in mutagenesis leading to skin diseases including vitiligo, polymorphous light eruption and various forms of skin cancer. Then it presents the synthesis and importance of UV light and diseases, induced due to the deficiency of vitamin D. Roles of UV light in sterilization, disinfection, phototherapies are depicted in the next Part and finally use and abuse of UV light in tanning salon and the availability and importance of use of UV dosimeter are highlighted. The three main focuses of this book are: - Damage to biological systems by UV light leading to certain skin diseases; most importantly skin cancers. - Importance of UV light in the in vivo synthesis of vitamin D when human bodies are exposed to it. - Diseases caused due to the deficiency of vitamin D and the use of UV lamps in phototherapy and sterilization processes. The editor has considerable experience in publishing medical books and has used it critically selecting the matters which will attract the readers from many areas of medical and non-medical fields. It is hoped that the materials presented in this book will give great benefit and will stimulate both novice and expert researchers in the field. The book gives excellent overviews of the current status of research and pointers to the future research achievements. Clinicians, medical general practitioners, technicians and staff working in UV related industries and especially those working in tanning salon should benefit from the information presented in safe handling of this light.

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