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Understanding how price responds to costs and production

Author: Mark Bils; Youngsung Chang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©1999.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7311.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: The importance of sticky prices in business cycle fluctuations has been debated for many years. But we argue, based on a large empirical literature from the 1950's and 60's, that it is necessary to distinguish the response of price to an increase in factor prices from its response to an increase in marginal cost generated by an expansion in production. Consistent with that earlier literature, we find for  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mark Bils; Youngsung Chang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 70121473
Notes: "August 1999."
Description: 1 online resource (55 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7311.
Other Titles: How price responds to costs and production
Responsibility: Mark Bils, Yongsung Chang.

Abstract:

Abstract: The importance of sticky prices in business cycle fluctuations has been debated for many years. But we argue, based on a large empirical literature from the 1950's and 60's, that it is necessary to distinguish the response of price to an increase in factor prices from its response to an increase in marginal cost generated by an expansion in production. Consistent with that earlier literature, we find for 450 U.S. manufacturing industries that prices do respond more to increases in costs driven by changes in factor prices than to increases in marginal cost precipitated by expansions in output. We explore two models that can potentially explain these findings. Both break the link between price and marginal cost, thereby generating what one might naively interpret as average-cost pricing. The first is driven by firms pricing to limit entry. The second is driven by firms pricing to limit non-price competition within their market.

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