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Understanding knowledge as a commons : from theory to practice

Author: Charlotte Hess; Elinor Ostrom
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, ©2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but at the same time is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, over-patenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons, as a shared resource, allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. Here, experts from a  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Aufsatzsammlung
Named Person: Wissen
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Charlotte Hess; Elinor Ostrom
ISBN: 0262083574 9780262083577
OCLC Number: 71223038
Description: xiii, 367 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction : an overview of the knowledge commons / Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom --
The growth of the commons paradigm / David Bollier --
A framework for analyzing the knowledge commons / Elinor Ostrom and Charlotte Hess --
Countering enclosure : reclaiming the knowledge commons / Nancy Kranich --
Mertonianism unbound? : imagining free, decentralized access to most cultural and scientific material / James Boyle --
Preserving the knowledge commons / Donald J. Waters --
Creating an intellectual commons through open access / Peter Suber --
How to build a commons : is intellectual property constrictive, facilitating, or irrelevant? / Shubha Ghosh --
Collective action, civic engagement, and the knowledge commons / Peter Levine --
Free/open-source software as a framework for establishing commons in science / Charles M. Schweik --
Scholarly communication and libraries unbound : the opportunity of the commons / Wendy Pradt Lougee --
EconPort : creating and maintaining a knowledge commons / James C. Cox and J. Todd Swarthout.
Responsibility: edited by Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom.
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Abstract:

Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but at the same time is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, over-patenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons, as a shared resource, allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. Here, experts from a range of disciplines discuss the knowledge commons in the digital era, how to conceptualize it, protect it, and build it. Contributors consider the concept of the commons historically and offer an analytical framework for understanding knowledge as a shared social-ecological system. They look at ways to guard against enclosure of the knowledge commons, considering, among other topics, the role of research libraries, the advantages of making scholarly material available outside the academy, and the problem of disappearing Web pages. They discuss the role of intellectual property in a new knowledge commons, the open access movement (including possible funding models for scholarly publications), the development of associational commons, the application of a free open source framework to scientific knowledge, and the effect on scholarly communication of collaborative communities within academia, and offer a case study of EconPort, an open access, open source digital library for students and researchers in microeconomics. The essays clarify critical issues that arise within these new types of commons, and offer guideposts for future theory and practice--From publisher description.

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