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Understanding the risk factors for suicidal behavior

Author: Horace N Ballou
Publisher: New York : Nova Science Publishers, [2020]
Series: Psychology of emotions, motivations and actions
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In this compilation, the authors provide a literature review of the relationship between hormones including testosterone, prolactin, leptin, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones, hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis hormones, oxytocin, ghrelin, estradiol and progesterone, insulin, melatonin and suicidal behavior, which has potential public health and clinical significance. Next, protective factors for  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Understanding the risk factors for suicidal behavior
New York : Nova Science Publishers, [2020]
(DLC) 2019043022
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Horace N Ballou
ISBN: 9781536164695 1536164690
OCLC Number: 1124771758
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Intro --
Contents --
Preface --
Chapter 1 --
Hormones and Suicidal Behavior --
Abstract --
1. Background --
2. Suicidal Behavior Related Hormones --
2.1. Testosterone --
2.2. Prolactin --
2.3. Leptin --
2.4. Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hormones --
2.4.1. Cortisol (CORT) --
2.4.2. Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (CRH) --
2.4.3. Adrenocortisol Hormone (ACTH) --
2.5. Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Thyroid Axis Hormones --
2.6. Oxytocin --
2.7. Other Hormones --
2.7.1. Ghrelin --
2.7.2. Estradiol and Progesterone --
2.7.3. Insulin --
2.7.4. Melatonin 3. Problems in the Study of Hormones and Suicidal Behavior --
3.1. The Sample Discrepancy --
3.2. The Research Methods --
3.3. Sampling and Analysis of Biological Samples --
3.4. The Control of Confounding Factors --
4. Perspectives --
References --
Chapter 2 --
Buffering the Risk of Suicide: The Role of Protective Factors --
Abstract --
Introduction --
Protective Factors --
Internal Psychological Factors --
Resilience --
Hope and Optimism --
Coping --
External Factors --
Reasons for Living --
Family and Social Support --
Religiosity and Spiritual Wellbeing --
Sense of Identity Buffering Risk Factors --
Protecting Higher Risk Groups --
Veterans --
Social Support --
Timely Screening and Intervention --
Spiritual Well-Being, Meaning, and Purpose --
Older Adults --
Examining Distinct Subgroups --
Tiered Intervention --
Men --
Social Support --
Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 3 --
Transdiagnosis of the Repeated Suicide Attempt: A Longitudinal Study --
Abstract --
Introduction --
Methods --
Participants --
Measurements --
Sociodemographic Data Sheet (Prepared Ad-Hoc for This Study) --
The Scale of Social Support (AS-25 [51]) Vital-Revised Orientation Test (LOT-R [52]) --
Control of the Impulses (Ci) of the Big Five Personality Questionnaire [53] (Translated and Adapted to Spanish by Bermúdez-Moreno, 2001) --
Hope Index of Herth-IEH (Herth Hope Index-HHI [48]) --
The Scale of Self-Efficacy for Stress Coping-EAEAE [58] --
The Scale of Resilience before Suicidal Attempts (ERATS) [23] --
Procedure --
Analysis of the Data --
Results --
Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 4 --
Childhood Maltreatment, Hostility and Anger: Are These Factors Unique to Suicide Attempt or Shared with Dating Violence Perpetration? --
Abstract Introduction --
The Prevalence and Co-Occurrence of SA and DV --
Theories Linking CM, Anger and Hostility to SA and DV --
The General Aggression Model --
Empirical Evidence for CM, Anger and Hostility in SA and DV --
Study Purpose --
Data and Methods --
Variables --
Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence (DV) --
Lifetime Suicide Attempt (SA) --
SA+DV --
Cognitive-Affective Correlates of Aggression --
Data Analytic Strategy --
Results --
Conclusion --
Appendix --
Sample Profile --
References --
Index --
Blank Page
Series Title: Psychology of emotions, motivations and actions
Responsibility: Horace N. Ballou, editor.

Abstract:

"In this compilation, the authors provide a literature review of the relationship between hormones including testosterone, prolactin, leptin, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones, hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis hormones, oxytocin, ghrelin, estradiol and progesterone, insulin, melatonin and suicidal behavior, which has potential public health and clinical significance. Next, protective factors for suicide are highlighted. The discussion also shows how these protective factors also interact with risk factors to provide a buffering effect, thus preventing suicide. A further discussion on prevention in at-risk groups is also conducted. To assess which protective variables are more predictive of a greater or lesser lethality of a previous suicide attempt, the authors study the concept of implementing a higher level of resilience to possible retries at 6 and 12 months after the first attempt. The sample was comprised of 166 people who had been admitted to the emergency services due to a suicide attempt. The purpose of the concluding study is to test whether a distal environmental factor, childhood maltreatment (including physical, sexual and emotional abuse), and more proximate cognitive and affective factors are shared correlates of suicide attempts and dating violence perpetration"--

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