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U.S. job flows and the China shock

Author: Brian J Asquith; Sanjana Goswami; David Neumark; Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2017.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24080.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
International trade exposure affects job creation and destruction along the intensive margin (job flows due to expansions and contractions of firms' employment) as well as along the extensive margin (job flows due to births and deaths of firms). This paper uses 1992-2011 employment data from the {universe} of U.S. establishments to construct job flows at both the industry and commuting-zone levels, and then  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Brian J Asquith; Sanjana Goswami; David Neumark; Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1014191048
Notes: "November 2017."
Description: 1 online resource (40, 8 pages) : illustrations
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24080.
Responsibility: Brian J. Asquith, Sanjana Goswami, David Neumark, Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez.

Abstract:

International trade exposure affects job creation and destruction along the intensive margin (job flows due to expansions and contractions of firms' employment) as well as along the extensive margin (job flows due to births and deaths of firms). This paper uses 1992-2011 employment data from the {universe} of U.S. establishments to construct job flows at both the industry and commuting-zone levels, and then estimates the impact of the `China shock' on each job-flow type. The China shock is accounted for by either the increase in Chinese import penetration in the U.S., or by the U.S. policy change that granted Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) status to China. We find that the China shock affects U.S. employment mainly through deaths of establishments. At the commuting-zone level, we find evidence of large job reallocation from the Chinese-competition exposed sector to the nonexposed sector, and establish that the gross employment effects of the China shock are fundamentally different from those of a more general adverse shock affecting the U.S. demand for domestic labor.

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