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Wahhabism and the rise of the House of Saud

Author: Tarik K Firro
Publisher: Eastbourne : Sussex Academic Press, Chicago, IL : Sussex Academic Press 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book examines the role of Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1792) and his successors in reconsolidating the religious principles of Wahhabism. It explains the role of the Sa'udi princes in crystallizing the core of the Sa'udi-Wahhabi political entity within their tribal society. Key to this explanation is the interrelation between sedentary and nomadic populations and the consequent impact on the development of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Firro, Tarik K.
Wahhabism and the rise of the House of Saud.
Eastbourne : Sussex Academic Press, 2018
(DLC) 2018019824
(OCoLC)1028833870
Named Person: Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb; House of Āl Saʻūd; House of Āl Saʻūd; Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Tarik K Firro
ISBN: 9781782845782 178284578X
OCLC Number: 1054911439
Description: 1 online resource (viii, 220 pages)
Contents: Intro; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; Preface; Note on Transliteration; Introduction; 1. The Rise of Wahhabism within a Tribal Society; Najd's Geography and Ecology; Wahhabism and Tribes in Najd; The Sedentary Area of Najd as a Matrix of Wahhabism; 2. The Theological and Ethical Origin of Wahhabism; The Emergence of Wahhabism; The Inspirers of Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab; Purifying Islam from Alien Beliefs and Customs; 3. Facing Internal and External Challenges; Subjugating Religious and Political Opposition in Arabia; The Ottoman and Egyptian Intervention The Ability of the Saudi-Wahhabi Movement to Survive4. Animating the Wahhabi Spark; Internalizing Wahhabi Principles in the Hearts of the Common People; The Role of 'Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab; The Second Generation of Religious Scholars after the Egyptian Invasion; The Rise of a New Branch of the Saudis and a New Capital; The Theocratic Rule of Turki and Faysal; 5. Religion under Faysal and His Successors; Faysal's Allies and Adversaries and the Restoration of the State; Faysal's Territorial Sway; The Religious Aspect of Faysal's Rule The Role of Religious Scholars after Faysal's DeathThe Force of the Religious Scholars' Network; 6. Takfir in Wahhabism: Thought and Practicee; Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab and the Takfir; The Boundaries between Tawhid (Monotheism) and Shirk (Polytheism); Radicalizing the Takfiri Discourse; 'Abd al-Latif's Takfiri Discourse; The Wahhabi Notion of Kufr versus other Islamic Notions of Kufr; The Significance of Transmitting Takfiri Discourse to the Masses; Epilogue: Religion and State in Islam and the Saudi-Wahhabi Case; The Features of the Islamic State in Historical Perspective The Islamic State versus the Western StateThe Perpetual Alliance between Princes and Religious Scholars in Saudi Arabia; Notes; Bibliography; Index; Back Cover
Responsibility: Tarik K. Firro.

Abstract:

This book examines the role of Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1792) and his successors in reconsolidating the religious principles of Wahhabism. It explains the role of the Sa'udi princes in crystallizing the core of the Sa'udi-Wahhabi political entity within their tribal society. Key to this explanation is the interrelation between sedentary and nomadic populations and the consequent impact on the development of Saudi political entities prior to the emergence of the Sa'udi Kingdom. Texts of Wahhabi scholars are compared with those of the early Hanbali scholars, pinpointing the new religious elements introduced to foster the Wahhabi creed. Discussion focuses on the first and second generations of Wahhabi scholars who maintained the Wahhabi creed with great success, keeping its hegemony as the main doctrine in Sa'udi Arabia, and developing a takfiri discourse (accusing people of being infidels) which by the nineteenth century had become the main religious and political weapon by which the Wahhabis mobilized supporters against their political and religious adversaries. To better understand this development, the meaning of kufr (heresy) in Islam and its implications in various Islamic doctrines is examined closely. The focus on the role of Wahhabi scholars in the nineteenth century sheds new lights on the principles of continuity and discontinuity in the historical development of Sa'udi political entities and explains the origin of the modern Sa'udi State. Although major socio-economic and cultural change is now taking place under the leadership of Prince Muhammad ibn Salman, the main religious structures of the state remain firmly in place.

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