skip to content
War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war

Author: John W Dower
Publisher: New York : Pantheon Books, ©1986.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Describes the "Race" war fought in the Pacific during W.W. II and examines the propaganda which contributed to a war without mercy.
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Dower, John W.
War without mercy.
New York : Pantheon Books, ©1986
(OCoLC)647551318
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: John W Dower
ISBN: 039450030X 9780394500300 0075416522 9780075416524 0394751728 9780394751726 9780307816146 0307816141
OCLC Number: 13064585
Awards: Winner of National Book Critics Circle Award (General Nonfiction) 1986
Description: xii, 399 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: Preface --
Part I: Enemies --
Patterns of a race war --
"Know your enemy" --
War hates and war crimes --
Part II: The war in Western eyes --
Apes and others --
Lesser men and supermen --
Primitives, children, and madmen --
Yellow, red, and black men --
Part III: The war in Japanese eyes --
The pure self --
The demonic other --
"Global policy with the Yamato Race as nucleus" --
Part IV: Epilogue --
From war to peace.
Responsibility: John W. Dower.

Abstract:

Describes the "Race" war fought in the Pacific during W.W. II and examines the propaganda which contributed to a war without mercy.

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

All user tags (1)

View most popular tags as: tag list | tag cloud

Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/13064585<\/a>> # War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"13064585<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/New_York_City<\/a>> ; # New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/pazifikkrieg<\/a>> ; # Pazifikkrieg<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/racisme<\/a>> ; # Racisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_pacific_area<\/a>> ; # World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Area<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Place\/united_states<\/a>> ; # United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/public_opinion<\/a>> ; # Public opinion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_pacific_ocean<\/a>> ; # World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Ocean<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/racism<\/a>> ; # Racism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/rassismus<\/a>> ; # Rassismus<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/publieke_opinie<\/a>> ; # Publieke opinie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1243504<\/a>> ; # Pacific Area.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/guerre_mondiale_1939_1945_opinion_publique<\/a>> ; # Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Opinion publique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/rassendiscriminatie<\/a>> ; # Rassendiscriminatie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/tweede_wereldoorlog<\/a>> ; # Tweede Wereldoorlog<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Event\/1939_1945<\/a>> ; # 1939-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/guerre_mondiale_1939_1945_pacifique_region_du<\/a>> ; # Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Pacifique, R\u00E9gion du<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_public_opinion<\/a>> ; # World War, 1939-1945--Public opinion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Place\/japan<\/a>> ; # Japan<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/pazifikkrieg_1941_1945<\/a>> ; # Pazifikkrieg (1941-1945)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/940.531\/e19\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookEdition<\/a> \"1st ed.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"1986<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/84619732<\/a>> ; # John W. Dower<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"1986<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Preface -- Part I: Enemies -- Patterns of a race war -- \"Know your enemy\" -- War hates and war crimes -- Part II: The war in Western eyes -- Apes and others -- Lesser men and supermen -- Primitives, children, and madmen -- Yellow, red, and black men -- Part III: The war in Japanese eyes -- The pure self -- The demonic other -- \"Global policy with the Yamato Race as nucleus\" -- Part IV: Epilogue -- From war to peace.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Describes the \"Race\" war fought in the Pacific during W.W. II and examines the propaganda which contributed to a war without mercy.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/7485473<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/647551318<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"13064585<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/13064585#PublicationEvent\/new_york_pantheon_books_1986<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Agent\/pantheon_books<\/a>> ; # Pantheon Books<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780075416524<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780307816146<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780394500300<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780394751726<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/13064585<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/New_York_City<\/a>> # New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"New York<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/940.531\/e19\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Agent\/pantheon_books<\/a>> # Pantheon Books<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pantheon Books<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Event\/1939_1945<\/a>> # 1939-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1939-1945<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Place\/japan<\/a>> # Japan<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japan<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Place\/united_states<\/a>> # United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/guerre_mondiale_1939_1945_opinion_publique<\/a>> # Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Opinion publique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Opinion publique<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Opinion publique<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/guerre_mondiale_1939_1945_pacifique_region_du<\/a>> # Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Pacifique, R\u00E9gion du<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Pacifique, R\u00E9gion du<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945--Pacifique, R\u00E9gion du<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/pazifikkrieg<\/a>> # Pazifikkrieg<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pazifikkrieg<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/pazifikkrieg_1941_1945<\/a>> # Pazifikkrieg (1941-1945)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pazifikkrieg (1941-1945)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/public_opinion<\/a>> # Public opinion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Public opinion<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/publieke_opinie<\/a>> # Publieke opinie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Publieke opinie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/racism<\/a>> # Racism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Racism<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/racisme<\/a>> # Racisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Racisme<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/rassendiscriminatie<\/a>> # Rassendiscriminatie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Rassendiscriminatie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/rassismus<\/a>> # Rassismus<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Rassismus<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/tweede_wereldoorlog<\/a>> # Tweede Wereldoorlog<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Tweede Wereldoorlog<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_pacific_area<\/a>> # World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Area<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Area<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_pacific_ocean<\/a>> # World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Ocean<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Ocean<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/7485473#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945_public_opinion<\/a>> # World War, 1939-1945--Public opinion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"World War, 1939-1945--Public opinion<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"nyu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1243504<\/a>> # Pacific Area.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pacific Area.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/84619732<\/a>> # John W. Dower<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Dower<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John W.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"John W. Dower<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780075416524<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0075416522<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780075416524<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780307816146<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0307816141<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780307816146<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780394500300<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"039450030X<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780394500300<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780394751726<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0394751728<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780394751726<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/647551318<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"War without mercy.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Online version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/13064585<\/a>> ; # War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/13064585<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/13064585<\/a>> ; # War without mercy : race and power in the Pacific war<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-11-22<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n