Wild crocodiles hunted to make mummies in Roman Egypt: Evidence from synchrotron imaging (Article, 2019) [WorldCat.org]
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Wild crocodiles hunted to make mummies in Roman Egypt: Evidence from synchrotron imaging
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Wild crocodiles hunted to make mummies in Roman Egypt: Evidence from synchrotron imaging

Author: Stéphanie M Porcier Affiliation: Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, CNRS, UMR 5140_ASM “Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes”, LabEx ARCHIMEDE, FranceCamille Berruyer Affiliation: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, FranceStéphane Pasquali Affiliation: Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, CNRS, UMR 5140_ASM “Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes”, LabEx ARCHIMEDE, FranceSalima Ikram Affiliation: Department of Sociology, Egyptology, and Anthropology, American University in Cairo (AUC), Cairo, EgyptDidier Berthet Affiliation: Musée des Confluences, Lyon, FranceAll authors
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Journal of Archaeological Science, v110 (201910)
Summary:
An ancient Egyptian crocodile mummy (MHNL 90001591, Musée des Confluences, Lyon, France) dating to the Roman period and discovered at Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt) was analysed through synchrotron multiscale microtomography. Using this advanced technology, the virtual autopsy of the animal was carried out without affecting the bones, flesh, balms and linen bandages. The technique allows for the precise analysis of the  Read more...
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Stéphanie M Porcier Affiliation: Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, CNRS, UMR 5140_ASM “Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes”, LabEx ARCHIMEDE, France; Camille Berruyer Affiliation: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France; Stéphane Pasquali Affiliation: Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, CNRS, UMR 5140_ASM “Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes”, LabEx ARCHIMEDE, France; Salima Ikram Affiliation: Department of Sociology, Egyptology, and Anthropology, American University in Cairo (AUC), Cairo, Egypt; Didier Berthet Affiliation: Musée des Confluences, Lyon, France; Paul Tafforeau Affiliation: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France
ISSN:0305-4403
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 8544092414
Notes: Corresponding author. Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, CNRS, UMR 5140_ASM “Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes”, LabEx ARCHIMEDE. Rue du Professeur Henri Serre, F-34199 Montpellier, France.
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Abstract:

An ancient Egyptian crocodile mummy (MHNL 90001591, Musée des Confluences, Lyon, France) dating to the Roman period and discovered at Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt) was analysed through synchrotron multiscale microtomography. Using this advanced technology, the virtual autopsy of the animal was carried out without affecting the bones, flesh, balms and linen bandages. The technique allows for the precise analysis of the specimen's bones and tissue, enabling us to establish the cause of death and the last meal(s) of the animal. From these data, we can conclude that this crocodile was hunted while living in the wild. This is the first evidence for this mode of obtaining animals to produce mummies. With this case study, it is apparent that the praxis related to the mummification of animals in ancient Egypt are more diverse than the current Egyptological reconstruction of that phenomenon.
• Hunting as a source of animals to produce mummies. • Highlight to the cause of death and the last meal(s) of a crocodile. • Virtual autopsy of a crocodile mummy through 3D Synchrotron Imaging. • Diversity of the praxis related to the mummification of animals in ancient Egypt.

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