Witness : one of the great foreign correspondents of the twentieth century tells her story (Book, 2007) [WorldCat.org]
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Witness : one of the great foreign correspondents of the twentieth century tells her story

Author: Ruth Gruber
Publisher: New York : Schocken Books, ©2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
With her perfect memory (and plenty of zip), ninety-five-year-old Ruth Gruber - adventurer, international correspondent, photographer, maker of (and witness to) history, responsible for rescuing hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees during World War II and after - tells her story in her own words and photographs. In Witness, Gruber writes about what she saw and shows us, through her photographs - taken on each of
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Genre/Form: Documentary photography
Biography
Pictorial works
Named Person: Ruth Gruber; Ruth Gruber; Ruth Gruber; Ruth Gruber
Material Type: Biography, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Ruth Gruber
ISBN: 9780805242430 0805242430
OCLC Number: 71223273
Notes: "With 190 of her own photographs."
Description: xix, 255 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Contents: The Soviet Arctic/1935-1936 --
Alaska/1941-1943 --
World War II and the Oswego refugees/1944-1946 --
The Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine and the Nuremberg trials/1946 --
UNSCOP, the Exodus, and prison camps in Cyprus/1947 --
The birth of Israel and the War of Independence/1947-1948 --
The Yemenite Jews fly to Israel on "Wings of eagles"/1949 --
Operation Ezra and Nehemiah : 120,000 Iraqi Jews secretly escape to Israel/1951 --
The ingathering of Jews from Romania, the Soviet Union, and Ethiopia/1951-1986.
Responsibility: Ruth Gruber ; foreword by Richard Holbrooke.
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Abstract:

With her perfect memory (and plenty of zip), ninety-five-year-old Ruth Gruber - adventurer, international correspondent, photographer, maker of (and witness to) history, responsible for rescuing hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees during World War II and after - tells her story in her own words and photographs. In Witness, Gruber writes about what she saw and shows us, through her photographs - taken on each of her assignments - the worlds, the people, the landscapes, the courage, the hope, the life she witnessed up close and firsthand: the Siberian gulag of the 1930s and the new cities being built there (Gruber, then untrained as a photographer, brought her first Rolleicord with her) ... the Alaska highway of 1943, built by 11,000 soldiers, mostly black men from the South (the highway went from Dawson Creek, British Columbia, 1,500 miles to Fairbanks) ... her thirteen-day voyage on the army-troop transport Henry Gibbins with refugees and wounded American soldiers, escorting and then photographing the refugees as they arrived in Oregon, New York (they arrived in upstate New York as Adolf Eichmann was sending 750,000 Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz).

In 1947, Gruber traveled for the Herald Tribune with the United Nations Special Commission on Palestine (UNSCOP) through the postwar displaced persons camps in Europe, and then to North Africa, Palestine, and the Arab world; the committee's recommendation that Palestine be partitioned into a Jewish state and an Arab state was one of the key factors that led to the founding of Israel. We see Gruber's photographs of a former American pleasure boat (which had been renamed Exodus 1947) as it limped into Haifa harbor, trying to deliver 4,500 Jewish refugees (including 600 orphans), under attack by five British destroyers and a cruiser that stormed the Exodus with guns, tear gas, and truncheons, while the crew of the Exodus fought back with potatoes, sticks, and cans of kosher meat. In a cable to the Herald Tribune, Gruber reported that "the ship looks like a matchbox splintered by a nutcraker." She was with the people of the Exodus and photographed them when they were herded onto three prison ships. Gruber represented the entire American press aboard the ship Runnymede Park, photographing the prisoners as they defiantly painted a swastika on the Union Jack. During her thirty-two years as a correspondent, Ruth Gruber photographed what she saw and captured the triumph of the human spirit.

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