Women Don't Run? Election Aversion and Candidate Entry (Article, 2015) [WorldCat.org]
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Women Don't Run? Election Aversion and Candidate Entry
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Women Don't Run? Election Aversion and Candidate Entry

Author: Kristin Kanthak Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh; Jonathan Woon Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:American Journal of Political Science, v59 n3 (July 2015): 595-612
Summary:
To study gender differences in candidate emergence, we conduct a laboratory experiment in which we control the incentives potential candidates face, manipulate features of the electoral environment, and measure beliefs and preferences. We find that men and women are equally likely to volunteer when the representative is chosen randomly, but that women are less likely to become candidates when the representative is  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Kristin Kanthak Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh; Jonathan Woon Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
ISSN:0092-5853
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5850371341
Notes: Disclaimer: Supplementary materials have been peer-reviewed but not copyedited.
This research is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. SES-1154739 and was approved by the University of Pittsburgh Institutional Review Board under protocol PRO10090340. For helpful comments and discussions, we thank Eric Dickson, Sera Linardi, Rose McDermott, Lise Vesterlund, Rick Wilson, the editor, anonymous reviewers, and seminar participants at the Ohio State University and CREED at the University of Amsterdam. A previous version was awarded the Betty Nesvold Award for the best paper in women and politics presented at the 2013 Western Political Science Association conference, and previous versions were also presented at the 2013 Miller and Stokes Conference at Vanderbilt, 2013 European Consortium of Political Research, 2012 Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, 2012 NYU-CESS Experimental Political Science Conference, 2011 Midwest Political Science Association meeting, 2011 American Political Science Association annual meeting, and 2011 North American Economic Science Association conference. For capable research assistance, we thank Zac Auter, Ian Cook, and Molly Girts. Replication data set and files can be found at http://www.pitt.edu/∼woon/data and at the AJPS Data Archive on Dataverse (http://dvn.iq.harvard.edu/dvn/dv/ajps). Authors' names are listed alphabetically.
Awards:
Other Titles: ELECTION AVERSIONWomen Don't Run?Election Aversion and Candidate Entry
Responsibility: KRISTIN KANTHAK AND JONATHAN WOON

Abstract:

To study gender differences in candidate emergence, we conduct a laboratory experiment in which we control the incentives potential candidates face, manipulate features of the electoral environment, and measure beliefs and preferences. We find that men and women are equally likely to volunteer when the representative is chosen randomly, but that women are less likely to become candidates when the representative is chosen by an election. This difference does not arise from disparities in abilities, risk aversion, or beliefs, but rather from the specific competitive and strategic context of campaigns and elections. Thus, we find evidence that women are election averse, whereas men are not. Election aversion persists with variations in the electoral environment, disappearing only when campaigns are both costless and completely truthful.

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