The X Club : power and authority in Victorian science (eBook, 2018) []
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The X Club : power and authority in Victorian science

Author: Ruth Barton
Publisher: Chicago, IL : The University of Chicago Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
"In 1864, amid headline-grabbing heresy trials, members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science were asked to sign a declaration affirming that science and scripture were in agreement. Many criticized the new test of orthodoxy; nine decided that collaborative action was required. The X Club tells their story. These six ambitious professionals and three wealthy amateurs--J.D. Hooker, T.H. Huxley,  Read more...

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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Barton, Ruth, 1945-
X Club.
Chicago, IL : The University of Chicago Press, 2018
(DLC) 2017049912
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Ruth Barton
ISBN: 9780226551753 022655175X
OCLC Number: 1062395776
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 604 pages) : illustrations, map
Contents: Introduction: the X Club 1864-92. Nine men who wanted to change the world ; Historians of the X Club ; Introducing this book --
Part one. Origins and ambitions. 1. Cultures of science in early Victorian England. Gentlemanly London science ; Science for self-improvement: Frankland, Tyndall, and Hirst ; Spencer and Huxley: the science and politics of rational dissent ; Spottiswoode at Oxford: a liberal education for a Christian gentleman ; Scientific aspirations, social status, and religious beliefs --
2. Making careers. Finding employment: patronage and pluralism ; Scientific expertise and gentlemanly status ; A taste for campaigning ; Friends --
3. Speaking for nature. Defending Darwin and expanding the domain of nature ; Alliances: naturalistic science and liberal theology ; The science of man: ethnologists against anthropologists ; The reader: a liberal alliance and its collapse ; Friends and conspirators --
Part two. The X Club established. 4. Organizing science. Specialist societies ; The British association for the advancement of science: representing science to the nation ; The Royal Society: power and its symbolic uses ; Men of weight, of craft, and of party --
5. Public money and the public good. Science in the curriculum I: examination successes ; Science in the curriculum II: lobbying failures ; Money and advice: the reciprocal relations of science and government ; Hirst's career: higher education and London life ; Good and influential men --
6. Claiming cultural authority. Self-images ; Science militant ; Insiders: scientific men at home among the social elite ; Pulpits for science ; The rhetoric of scientific authority ; Sunday Lecture Societies: the politics of lay sermons ; Cultural leaders --
Retrospective: the life, work, and times of the X Club. R.1. Phases of power and friendship, 1860-1900 ; R.2. The X Club program: the authority and independence of science and scientific men ; R.3. Victorian science and Victorian culture.
Responsibility: Ruth Barton.
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The X Club was a group of Victorian scientists who banded together to promote disinterested science and education; they included many of the most prominent scientists of the period, and they  Read more...


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