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"You shall not kill" : the prohibition of killing in ancient religions and cultures

Author: Jacobus Cornelis de Vos; Hermut Löhr
Publisher: Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, [2017] ©2018
Series: Journal of ancient Judaism., Supplements ;, volume 27.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Conference publication : Miscellaneous languages
Summary:
You shall not kill" seems to be a self-evident norm, both in modernity and in antiquity. But what does this prohibition exactly mean? Does it only apply to humans or also to non-human beings? And what about indirect or unintentional killing? Is killing legitimate under certain circumstances? The prohibition of killing was most likely a prohibition of homicide, in its original context of the Decalogue (Exod 20:13 and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Conference papers and proceedings
Congresses
Material Type: Conference publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jacobus Cornelis de Vos; Hermut Löhr
ISBN: 9783525552681 3525552688
OCLC Number: 1012942337
Notes: Papers in German and English from a conference of the same title, held in Münster, January 13-15, 2011.
Monographic series, supplementing a journal.
Description: 310 pages : 38 illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction / J. Cornelis de Vos and Hermut Löhr --
Das Verbot "Du sollst nicht töten" im Dekalog / Matthias Köckert --
"Wenn ein Mann jemanden tötet, dann ist es so, dass dieser Mann getötet wird": zur Tötung alsl Element von Tatbeständen und Rechtsfolgen in altorientalischen Rechtssammlungen / Guido Pfeifer --
Ursprung und Gestalt des Todesrechts im Bundesbuch / Reinhard Achenbach --
A God who kills: deadly threat and its explanation in the Hebrew Bible / Ed Noort --
When God commands killing: Reflections on execution and human sacrifice in the Old Testament / Johannes Schnocks --
"Thou shalt not kill" in the Dead Sea Scrolls: narrative and Halakah / Eibert Tigchelaar --
Murder as sacrilege: Philo of Alexandria on the prohibition of killing / J. Cornelis de Vos --
Murder and murder prohibition in Josephus / Silvia Castelli --
Die Lust am Töten: öffentliche Straf- und Hinrichtungsrituale und der Tod als Spektakel im kaiserzeitlichen Rom / Johannes Hahn --
"For all who take the sword will perish by the sword" (Matthew 26:52): tradition and reception of the Matthean word of the sword / Sebastian Fuhrmann --
The model death of Paul in early Chrisitanity / Hermut Löhr --
The prohibition of killing in the ethics of the Church Fathers / Anders-Christian Jacobsen.
Series Title: Journal of ancient Judaism., Supplements ;, volume 27.
Other Titles: Prohibition of killing in ancient religions and cultures
Responsibility: edited by J. Cornelis de Vos and Hermut Löhr ; with the assistance of Juliane Ta Van.

Abstract:

You shall not kill" seems to be a self-evident norm, both in modernity and in antiquity. But what does this prohibition exactly mean? Does it only apply to humans or also to non-human beings? And what about indirect or unintentional killing? Is killing legitimate under certain circumstances? The prohibition of killing was most likely a prohibition of homicide, in its original context of the Decalogue (Exod 20:13 and Deut 5:17). However, as we all know, many other texts in the Bible refer to killing humans. Moreover, killing others in war or death penalty for capital crimes does not seem to be problematic in the biblical world. Sometimes God seems to be someone, for whom people should be killed for or who wants or orders others to be killed. In a few cases, it is God him/herself who appears as the one who kills. On the contrary other opinions like humans being created in the image of God (Gen 1:26-27; 9,6) making them "god like," which implicitly prohibits killing them, or the general prohibition of killing "You shall not kill" in the Decalogue, are articulated in the Bible. The central question of this volume is whether and how biblical and non-biblical killing prohibitions function as a norm in antiquity. The contributors stem from different research fields such as ancient law, Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, New Testament, ancient Judaism, ancient history, and the church fathers. The volume covers a time spanning from the Ancient Near East up to the Christian patristic era with a look forward to Martin Luther.

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